Choosing seedlings for the garden

How not to buy a pig in a poke

The advantage is for zoned plants


In the spring, exhibitions and fairs open one after another, where gardeners are greeted with an abundance of seedlings, seedlings, roots and bulbs of perennials of various types of plants. What to choose, how not to make a mistake and plant in the garden something that will grow successfully and delight the hosts and guests? And when is it wise to buy seedlings and roots?

You should not buy planting material in February - March if you cannot ensure the storage temperature of the seedlings within 0 ... + 5 ° С and sufficient air humidity. It is better to wait for the April fair to immediately plant the seedlings in the garden. Tiny parts of the rhizomes of perennials with strings of shoots are unlikely to survive until spring in a hot and dry apartment, even with very diligent care.

When choosing planting material, we will give preference to those species that successfully winter in our climate. Often, in early spring, we are brought in saplings of the southern production, completely unsuitable in their biology to the soil and climatic conditions of the North-West. In fruit and vegetable growing there is a generally accepted term - zoned varieties of agricultural crops. As for perennials and seedlings, not every seller, unfortunately, will honestly tell you where the plants that he offers to buy are grown, and whether they can overwinter in the open field.

Here your horizons and special literature will help you, which recommends the types of perennial flowers and shrubs, trees that can successfully grow in the northern gardens. Often, what is recommended for Central Russia, in our conditions, may not survive the winter even with shelter (it is usually necessary).

Now all gardeners know that each type of plant is intended to be grown in a specific winter hardiness zone. The North-West belongs to the 3-4 zone according to the international classification, the middle lane belongs to the fifth zone. Of all the roses, for example, only the forms and varieties of park roses winter flawlessly with us without shelter; in recent years, very elegant varieties of them have appeared, decorating the gardens and parks of St. Petersburg and its suburbs. And everyone's favorite hybrid tea roses, floribunda, flower beds, climbing roses and others, as a rule, belong to zones 5-6, they winter exclusively with shelter. The term "winter hardy" in the annotations of varieties in catalogs and magazines corresponds to the winter hardiness of these roses in the conditions of Southern Europe, you should not delude yourself here.

Based on this, they choose new ornamental plants that have not been tested in state cultivars. To correctly navigate the choice, pay attention to the gardens next door - which exotic plants successfully winter and bloom in your microclimate. More and more southern novelties require shelter in the first years of life: and mulching soil, and wrapping spruce branches, and the device of a hut from the branches of cut perennials or shrubs. The winter hardiness of plants can gradually increase, and adult specimens, for example, cypress trees, will turn out to be quite resistant for our winters, subject to favorable conditions for placement and care.


Some more southerly species (liatris, buddleya, kerria and others) can be taken at risk if the planting material is grown from seeds or cuttings in the nearest nurseries of the Northwest, or you yourself sow seeds, root cuttings and get your own seedlings and seedlings.

It was by sowing the seeds of southern plants in more northern places that many plants were promoted higher and higher on the map to the north. Experienced gardeners can grow many ornamental shrubs from seeds and cuttings, not to mention perennials. In our climate, spireas, chubushniks (they are often incorrectly called "jasmines"), weigels successfully bloom and bear fruit. snowberry, rhododendrons, pines, ate, thuja, junipers, park roses, shrub cinquefoil, viburnum, caragana, cotoneaster, robinia pseudoacacia ("White acacia" in common parlance), bean Golden rain and many other types.

For species sensitive to frost, the most protected and warmest place in the garden is allocated - at the southern wall of buildings, in the corner of a solid fence, near the gazebo.

The younger the plant, which will be planted in the garden, the easier it is for it to adapt to new soil and climatic conditions for it. An one-year or two-year-old seedling will take root more successfully in a different place than a three-four-year-old. Many gardeners try to choose an older and larger plant in order to immediately get the maximum decorative effect. Here you already have to choose: the reliability of survival or decorativeness for the season. However, a skilled gardener can cope with any task, from small to large.

Plants from the forest

Perhaps in the nearest forest you noticed a tree or bush that you would like to transplant into the garden. Do not rush to do this right in the spring. For the successful survival of a forest plant in your garden, you need to gradually form its root ball in advance, 6-12 months in advance. To do this, in the spring, with a shovel, they cut the soil vertically around the plant at a distance of 25-30 cm from the trunk (the size of the coma depends on the size of the plant itself: the larger it is, the larger the clod should be).

At the site of the cuts in the roots, new thin suction roots will begin to form. During the season, this "procedure" is repeated 2-3 more times, each time retreating a little further in the direction of increasing the coma size. By mid-September near a tree (viburnum, irgi, thuja) or bush (juniper, heather, lingonberry) will form a good lump with mycorrhiza - soil fungi, in a pleasant and beneficial combination for the plant. If you dig up a tree you like in the spring without preparation, you will deprive it of the suction roots located on the periphery of the crown projection, outside the earthen coma, which can be dug manually. And such a tree or bush with stumps of thick lignified roots is likely to die during transplantation.

Mountain Pine Cartens Wintergold

Site selection and preparation

When planting plants, it is important to provide those soil conditions that are optimal for a given species: soil type, its acidity, fertility, mechanical composition, looseness, air permeability, water-holding capacity. It is known in advance that moisture-loving and shade-tolerant species will suffer and grow poorly in the hot sun in sandy soil, the period and abundance of their flowering will be insufficient. And, conversely, sun lovers (stonecrops, rejuvenated, annuals, most flowering perennials) will not be able to demonstrate all their merits in a waterlogged shady place in the garden.

It is very important to provide a young plant with adequate nutrition, preferably for a long time, in order to facilitate care and free up time for other things, and do not forget to just admire the fruits of your labors - the beauties of the garden. Traditionally, we create a nutrient mixture from compost and ash to neutralize excess acidity, as well as as a source of potassium with trace elements, we fill the planting space with this mixture, fill the roots of plants.

For lovers of acidic soils (rhododendrons, hydrangeas), add sour peat... This is how we prepare the best conditions for each plant in the planting hole, like in a large-sized flowerpot. It is optimal and economical to add granules of the long-acting complex fertilizer AVA to the hole or planting hole, which works in the soil for up to three years.

It is environmentally friendly, does not pollute the environment, never burns the roots, and overdose is excluded. Next year, in the spring, you will only need nitrogen fertilization in organic or mineral form (AVA granules do not contain nitrogen, but promotes the activation of nitrogen-fixing soil bacteria, which assimilate nitrogen from the air and convert it into a form accessible to plants in the soil).

For "sissies" it is necessary to think in advance about the landing site in the garden area protected from two or three sides from cold winds. In such a sunny corner, you can successfully grow Lawson's cypress trees and pea, large-leaved hydrangea (forcing, which is sold in pots in flower shops in spring), cannes, roses, action, weigelu, actinidia, lemongrass and other types.


Container plants

In April-May or September-October, you can safely buy seedlings of trees, shrubs, perennial roots directly from the ground, not in containers, or just planted in containers for easy transportation. But when buying such seedlings and perennial roots, you should make sure that their roots are not dry, wrapped in damp material or film. Seedlings from the soil of our northern nurseries are much cheaper, while they are quite reliable.

Perennial roots at exhibitions in March-April are often sold in plastic bags with peat. Very often the peat turns out to be dry, and the roots are dried, the sprouts are weak and few in number, and even if the plant is immediately planted in a pot with soil, it can be lost, since it no longer has any vitality left. You should not spend money on such planting material. Perennials are best bought in May, when the aerial part of the plant is well developed, and, therefore, the root system is in order. If the shoots are weak, the leaves are dry, or spots of different colors are visible on them (as a rule, these are signs of a fungal infection) - you are offered low-quality planting material.

Everyone knows that container plants easily take root in the ground throughout the season - from spring to autumn. But if you buy plants straight from the greenhouse, be sure to gradually accustom them to the open air (harden them like seedlings) before planting them in the garden. To harden the seedlings and protect them from direct rays of the sun, you can use a shade made of mesh, lutrasil, gauze. Immediate, without hardening, planting flowers and seedlings in the ground will lead to their burns and loss of foliage, and then to a long recovery, not always successful.

We create a beautiful garden

Preparing for the new season, many gardeners look through special magazines, study catalogs of new species and varieties of ornamental plants in order to replenish their collections and flower beds. It will be wise to draw up a plan in advance, before purchasing seedlings, on which the height of the plants, the timing of flowering and the color of the flowers will be marked. It is important to choose effective partners for the future inhabitants of the garden of continuous flowering - after all, any gardener seeks to create just such a continuously blooming garden - Eden, the earthly image of Paradise. Here are some examples of successful plant partnerships.

Kalina Boulle de Neige

In April-May, forsythia (European, Japanese, ovoid, intermediate) - a shrub up to 2 m high - blooms with bright yellow flowers before the leaves bloom profusely in our places. It goes well with evergreen species of conifers, effectively standing out against their dark background; it is planted next to spirea, mock orange, rosehip. Such a group of shrubs will be decorative throughout the season.

At the same time, the wolf-bush blooms with pink or white flowers - a shrub up to 1.7 m high, but there are also its dwarf forms. Early flowering shrubs get along well with bulbs of a suitable color: daffodils, muscari, tulips, dwarf conifers. In May, we have charming little lianas blooming - princes, strewn with white, pink, purple flowers. They need a support in the form of a pergola or "umbrellas" of different heights for different varieties, or even a neighborhood with an overgrown bush of cotoneaster, bladderwort, field ash.

A more powerful liana blooming in May - honeysuckle honeysuckle other. She is truly a decoration of spring, cascades of her exotic form of outlandish flowers of double color (creamy yellow and pink) literally cover numerous shoots. Honeysuckle requires solid support: a metal lattice against the wall of the house or a solid fence, arches, a gazebo with lattice walls. If honeysuckle is already in your garden, pay attention to the density of its shoots. Perhaps it exceeds reasonable limits, and before the buds bloom, it is high time to thin it out, so that during and after flowering the bush is well ventilated and does not suffer from leaf warping in dense thickets.

Propagation by cuttings

Cut brittle lashes of honeysuckle are carefully cut into cuttings with 3-4 pairs of buds and planted under a peg in open ground for rooting, deepening to the upper pair of buds. Planting "under a peg" is a generally accepted term meaning that a peg is made into a deep hole in the ground, where the handle is inserted and squeezed tightly with the foot so that the ground fits snugly against the handle. Wet soil and its tight adhesion is the main condition for rooting winter cuttings without any shelter, which greatly facilitates and simplifies the reproduction of shrubs. The very edge of the site, the aisle of currant bushes, chokeberry, in a word, any more or less free space between other plants can serve as a planting site. By autumn you will have your own planting material for the embodiment of the most daring "vertical ideas" in the garden.

Many breeds of ornamental shrubs are successfully propagated by winter cuttings: chubushniki, elderberry, spirea, grapes, cinquefoil, willow; even thuja cuttings, when planted in spring in a shaded place with moist soil, can take root without shelter. Thanks to this feature of some shrubs, cut branches of seedlings purchased in spring will serve as a source of their own planting material.

Elena Kuzmina
Photo by the author

Why is it difficult to make a choice?

Many gardeners find it difficult to buy seedlings. Only a few years later it is possible to understand what planting material was used during planting. Today, buyers have stopped purchasing seedlings from the market because they have lost confidence in market sellers. Nobody wants to buy cherry seedlings, and eventually find out that linden has been planted. Unfortunately, there is a huge mix-up on the market.

Experts at the Best Garden nursery have developed a plan to guide you when purchasing plants for your site. The main points of the helpful guide are as follows:

    • The root system is the first thing to look at. It must be branched. The presence of a large number of thin roots is a sign of good survival of the seedlings. A strong root system will help the tree move to a new location without stress.
  • The presence of nodules or seals on the roots is a sure sign that he should be discarded. You should not resort to offers to buy such plants at a low price, since the money will be wasted.
  • Root protection is an important element. Thin roots die without protection from the air after five hours without earth. The root system should be rooted to reduce moisture loss. In the nursery, the roots are wrapped in a plastic bag and tied for protection.
  • The terrestrial part must be attractive: the bark must be intact and match the color of the specific species.

Profitable proposition!

You can buy seedlings in Moscow and the Moscow region with delivery in the nursery "Best Garden". You can get acquainted with the assortment and place an order at any time on the website. A huge assortment will allow you to find exactly those plant varieties that you were looking for. Take advantage of the advice of specialists who will tell you which plants are best for realizing your goals.

When setting up an orchard, it is easy to make mistakes, which are then difficult or impossible to correct. Fruit trees tolerate transplanting well only when they are young, so growers offer planting material at the age of one to three years. Get ready for a garden to grow, and it's a fun process! Modern varieties come into fruiting much earlier than the "classic" ones, loved from childhood: in most cases - in the 5-6th year.

The first, long-awaited apples. In order for such fruits to please you as soon as possible, it is important to properly lay your garden.

Benefits of boxes

In boxes you can grow any vegetables, flowers. The advantage of this method is that the boxes can be positioned on the lawn and will look nice against the green grass. And in any weather, you can safely walk up without getting your shoes dirty. It is easier to care for plants while weeding without bending to the ground. You can install boxes where you need. For example: if after construction there is a tamped area of ​​earth, or even on the terrace, or on the balcony. It is advantageous to use boxes in regions with poor soil in order to save money on imported fertile land, pour it not throughout the garden, but only in boxes.

Watch a 5 minute video of how to grow vegetables in boxes in practice.

Apple trees and pears were blossoming

On the main page of the official portal of the Timiryazev Academy nursery, users will find everything they need to replenish their knowledge and the best choice of plants for a garden or vegetable garden, including a catalog.


The upper part contains sections, each of which will be useful for lovers of organic berries and fruits. So, in the "Online store" section, users are offered three subsections:

  • score
  • ordering
  • basket.

Here, customers can go to a personal account, and if it is not there, then register on the site to make purchases, pay for them and order delivery.

You can also refer to the sections on the wholesale of fruit plants, find out the specifics of delivery and payment. If a client is interested in ornamental plants and landscape design options, then there is a special section for them. You can also find out how to properly prune fruit trees on the website by clicking on the appropriate section.

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