Pepper Kolobok: characteristics of the variety and nuances of cultivation


Pepper Kolobok has been grown in Russian gardens for about 40 years. The variety has established itself well as one of the best among the early ones. It is unpretentious and fruitful. However, the unusual shape of its fruits seems to be an advantage to some, and a disadvantage to others.

About creating a variety

The authorship belongs to the successful agrarian Yu. I. Panchev, as well as the agricultural firms Poisk and Sortsemovosch. Kolobok was included in the Register of Breeding Achievements in 1983, as zoned for the North Caucasus region, that is, the South of the country. However, according to numerous reviews of gardeners from all over Russia, this pepper is successfully grown in any region in greenhouses, open ground and even on balconies..

The name of the variety indicates the shape of the fruit, but not the color. So, Kolobok pepper is really round and smooth, but its color is red, not yellow.

On sale you can find seeds of both yellow and red Kolobok. The varieties are similar in yield, shape and taste of the fruit, differ only in color.

Description of sweet pepper Gingerbread man

The variety belongs to the early ripening, from germination to the collection of the first red fruits, 132-179 days pass. The more fertile the soil and the sunnier the weather, the earlier the harvest will ripen. The Kolobok bush grows low - 25–30 cm, which is why the variety is often grown in pots on balconies and window sills.

Despite its diminutive size, the pepper is very fruitful. It is literally strewn with fruits, each weighing 100-170 g... The fruits of the Kolobok are round, without ribs, smooth, glossy. The color in technical ripeness is green, in biological ripeness it is dark red.

Gingerbread man is a very fruitful pepper, there are many fruits on the bush, they cannot be called small

The section shows thick walls - up to 1 cm... And since the shape of the pepper is not elongated, but round, there is practically no emptiness inside. It is not for nothing that the fruits of this variety are called apples, they are very similar to beautiful and juicy fruits. They can be plucked from the bush and eaten raw.

Tasters evaluate the taste of Kolobok in fresh and canned form as "good" and "excellent".

Kolobok's walls are thick and juicy, the redder the pepper, the sweeter it is

Like any plant, Kolobok, apart from its advantages, has its disadvantages. He can get sick with fusarium, anthracnose, has medium resistance to top rot and mosaic. Strengths of the variety: early maturity, high yield, compactness, beautiful and tasty fruits.

Growing pepper Gingerbread man

Although the gingerbread man is early ripe, it must be grown through seedlings. Therefore, for sowing, you will need not only seeds, but also a special soil mixture, seedling boxes, and better pots. In the house, the peppers will have to allocate a sunny and warm place.

Sowing seeds for seedlings

First of all, you need to decide on the place of growing pepper: in closed or open ground. The timing of sowing seeds depends on this. Peppers are planted in open ground when the threat of frost has passed, in a greenhouse - 1-2 weeks earlier. At the same time, the optimal age for an early maturing Kolobok should be 65 days. We add another 7-10 days to this period, during which seedlings will appear from the seeds. It turns out that you need to sow 72-75 days before the date of planting in a permanent place.

Special peat soil for peppers is not only loose, but also nutritious - it contains a complex of fertilizers

Having decided on the timing, you can prepare for sowing. Buy potting soil with the seeds. The gingerbread man is not sufficiently resistant to several diseases of viral and fungal origin at once. Therefore, the soil and seeds must be disinfected. A week, at least 2 days before sowing, disinfect the soil by heating it in any way to 100 ⁰C (in the oven, boiling water, etc.). Process the seeds on the day of planting. The easiest option is to soak them for 5-10 minutes in hot water (70-80 ⁰C).

Video: mistakes when sowing seeds, advice from an agronomist

If the seeds of the peppers are covered with a colored shell, then they have already been treated for diseases, they cannot be soaked.

Peppers do not tolerate a pick; if you damage the roots or deepen the root collar, their growth slows down to a complete stop. Therefore, sow directly into individual pots, in which the seedlings will grow before planting on the site. The gingerbread man is undersized, so a pot with a diameter of 6–7 cm is enough for one plant. The seeding depth is 1 cm. Optimum temperature for peppers during the day: + 22 ... +25 ⁰C, at night: +18 ⁰C, at +13 ⁰C and below the seeds do not germinate.

Buy peat or cardboard pots for peppers; when transplanting seedlings, you will not need to remove them

If in doubt about good germination, sow 2-3 seeds in each pot. When shoots appear, leave one of the strongest, pinch the extra ones near the ground.

Growing seedlings Kolobok

The rules for caring for peppers on the windowsill are the simplest:

  1. Watering is necessary as the top layer of the earth dries up.
  2. Water for irrigation must be warm. So that there is no temperature difference during watering, keep a watering can with water on the same windowsill as the peppers.
  3. Once every 10-14 days, feed with a complex fertilizer for seedlings, for example, Fertika Lux (1 tablespoon per bucket of water).
  4. To prevent the Koloboks from growing one-sided and stretching upward, turn them to the sun with different sides every day.

Video: sowing seeds and growing seedlings of peppers with a pick

Planting Koloboks in the ground or greenhouse

Growing a Kolobok in a greenhouse or open field differs not only in terms of planting. There is one more difference - to the conditions in the open air, that is, to direct sunlight, peppers need to be accustomed gradually. A week before planting, start hardening the seedlings, take them outside (garden, balcony, open window). First, put out of direct sunlight and for half an hour, then gradually increase the light intensity and duration of stay.

If your seedling looks as weak as in the photo (the stems are elongated, the leaves are small), immediately after planting, support it, spray it with biostimulants and vitamins for plants such as Energena Extra, Epina

Dig up a bed for peppers in advance, fertilizing according to the classic recipe: a bucket of humus or compost and 1-2 glasses of ash per 1 m² of the bed. If you do not have your own organic matter, you can buy the same soil mixture for peppers that you bought for sowing seeds, and add it when planting in each hole. In addition, there are special complex fertilizers for Peppers: Gummi-Omi, Fertika, Agricola, etc.

Planting scheme for a compact Kolobok: in a row of 30–40 cm and between rows - 50 cm, so that it is convenient to walk and take care of the plants. Water the seedlings well the day before planting. Plant it into the ground by transshipment:

  1. Make a hole the size of your pot.
  2. Carefully remove the plant with a lump of soil, being careful not to touch or damage the roots. If the seedlings are in peat or paper pots, moisten well and carefully remove them by tearing off the walls.
  3. Put the pepper in the hole, cover with fertile soil. Planting depth should be the same as before in the pot.
  4. Drizzle with warm water heated in the sun. About 0.5–1 l per bush.
  5. Let the water soak and cover the hole with hay or dry soil, without covering the root collar.

Seedlings planted in peat and paper pots should be watered more often so that the upper border is always wet and decomposed, and it is better to immediately destroy it and cover it with garden soil. Otherwise, drying along the wall will go to the bottom of the pot, the walls of the glass can, as it were, become cemented and stop passing water and food to the roots. If you visit the site once a week and do not have the opportunity to water often, then even the pots decomposing in the ground must be removed before planting.

Features of care after disembarkation

The Kolobok bush does not need to be formed. Water it regularly to keep the soil constantly moist. Always use water that has been standing and heated in the sun. When watering with cold water, flowers and ovaries can crumble from a hose.

Mulch the ground, water the peppers at the root

In regions with short and cool summers, when grown outdoors, it is better to put wire arches in the garden and cover the peppers with agrofibre at least overnight. This will speed up ripening and increase yields.

A greenhouse for peppers made of arcs and agrofibre is inexpensive, it is not difficult to make it yourself, but the yield increase will be noticeable

A week after planting, you can make the first top dressing, but only if the bushes grow slowly and form few flowers and ovaries. For feeding, you can use nitroammophos (30 g per 10 l of water) or modern complex fertilizers, for example, BioHumus for tomatoes and peppers (2 tablespoons of jelly per 10 l of water). It is enough to pour 0.5 l of liquid fertilizing under the bush. Repeat feeding after 10 days.

Gingerbread man is susceptible to some fungal diseases. It is impossible to spray peppers, which give early production, with fungicides, therefore it is better not to wait for the symptoms of infection, but to engage in prevention. From the moment of planting 2-3 times every 10-14 days, spray all the bushes with a solution of the biological product Fitosporin (2 tbsp. From the concentrate per 10 liters of water). Growth stimulants also help to resist diseases: Energen Extra (2 capsules per 2 liters of water), Epin (1 ml per 5 liters), Novosil (0.2 ml per 6 liters), etc. They increase immunity, promote better survival of seedlings, nourish with microelements, increase productivity.

Harvesting: what are Kolobok peppers good for

In cool and rainy summers, especially in the open field, pick the Kolobok fruits still green. Otherwise, in conditions of high humidity, they can rot starting from the tops. The gingerbread man matures perfectly in room conditions, and the ripe one in the refrigerator is kept fresh until winter.

Peppers of this variety have a universal purpose, they are tasty raw, in any canned food and marinades. The fruits are used for making salads, snacks, main courses, soups. But if you like stuffed peppers, then keep in mind that very little stuffing is included in the Kolobok.

Video: recipe for winter preparation from round thick-walled peppers

Reviews of gardeners about the Kolobok pepper variety

Pepper Kolobok is a fruitful variety with fruits of excellent taste. It is undemanding to care for, compact. Seedlings are easy to place on the windowsill, carry and transport. It takes up little space in the garden; it is easy to build a separate greenhouse for it. But Gingerbread Man shouldn't be the only pepper in your garden. We need varieties with fruits of a different shape and size so that you can compare their tastes and make more different dishes and preparations.

[Votes: 1 Average: 5]


Pepper Winnie the Pooh: reviews, photos, yield, characteristics and description of the variety, advantages and disadvantages

Pepper Winnie the Pooh reviews photo yield characteristics and description of the variety which are presented in this article is a hybrid Moldavian selection.

A hybrid variety of pepper Winnie the Pooh was bred by the breeder Yuri Ivanovich Panchev, crossing 2 varieties of sweet peppers Swallow and Buketen-3. In 1980, the variety was registered. Further, you can familiarize yourself with the characteristics of the variety and fruits, its advantages and disadvantages, as well as the characteristics of cultivation.


Description and characteristics of the variety

The Gogoshary pepper variety was bred by Moldovan employees of the research institute. This name was given to a whole group of varieties, as well as directly to a separate variety included in this group. Each of them is slightly different in shape, color and taste. But, growing and caring for them is carried out according to the same rules.

  • The Gogoshary variety is a variety of tomato-shaped peppers.
  • To grow fruit with good quality, this variety is best planted in regions with a warm climate. With increased care, peppers can be harvested even under moderate climatic conditions. The plant loves warmth, and does not tolerate air temperatures below +16 ° C.
  • Gogoshary pepper, or as it is also called Ratunda, refers to mid-season varieties. The fruits reach technical maturity 110 days after germination.
  • The plant looks like many other sweet peppers.
  • The height of the bush can be from 35 to 45 cm.The diameter of the green mass is 45-50 cm.
  • Leaves and stem are green. The shape of the leaves is rounded, pointed at the end.
  • For bushes, it is better to organize additional support, since the fruits are fleshy and rather heavy.

Important! A feature of this culture is the ability to pollinate with varieties of hot peppers that grow nearby on the site. Its appearance may not change, but the taste will be either bitter or pungent.

When planting different types of pepper, you should keep a decent distance between them to avoid problems with over-pollination.


Features of cultivation agricultural technology

It is not very difficult to grow this hybrid in a greenhouse, but you will have to constantly monitor the development of seedlings, as well as create the necessary conditions for them.

Seed preparation

To obtain high-quality seedlings, you should carefully select the planting material and prepare the soil for planting. It is necessary to deal with this issue already at the end of February. The seeds of the Kakadu pepper are tender and sensitive, they quickly lose their germination.

Algorithm for preparing seeds for planting:

  1. Careful selection of seed. Look at all the peppercorns for the best ones. Next, prepare a saline solution (1 L of water + 40 g of salt). Dip the grains into it and leave for about 10 minutes. Good seed stays at the bottom, and bad seed floats to the top. Remove seeds, rinse under water and dry.
  2. Disinfection. Make a solution of water and a small proportion of potassium permanganate, dip the planting material into the agent for 15 minutes. Then rinse and dry.
  3. Enrichment with useful microelements. Carry out this event 2 days before direct planting in pots. Place the grains in a bag of gauze, dip them in a special solution with trace elements. Keep it in it for about a day, then take it out and dry it (you do not need to rinse it).
  4. Germination. The method is very good, the seeds begin to hatch after 24 hours. Put the seed in cheesecloth and slightly wet it, place in a warm place. Plant seeds only in damp ground.

By following simple steps, you will immediately get a seed suitable for sowing.

Sowing seeds for seedlings

You can use peat tablets, wooden boxes are also suitable. The soil for sowing seeds for seedlings should be as fertile and loose as possible. Sow seeds 15 mm, cover containers with foil or glass and place in a warm, windless place.

The key to high-quality seedlings is competently prepared seeds and correctly carried out planting, after sowing the seeds, keep an eye on them, the moment of seedling formation is especially important. The first time, about 2-3 days, hold the box near a heater or battery, then transfer it to a window, closer to sunlight.

For plant growth, keep the temperature at + 24 ... + 26 degrees, lower it to + 15 ... + 17 degrees at night. Sprouts love light, so it is advisable to supplement them with phytolamps. Daylight hours should not be shorter than 13 hours.

In the video below, you can clearly see the method of planting the F1 Kakadu sweet pepper seeds:

Growing seedlings

Saplings can be placed not only on the southern side of the room, but also window sills of the eastern and western parts are suitable. Plants need to be watered as the soil substrate dries up, take only warm and distant water, they die from cold. Water either early in the morning or late in the evening.

Seedling picking

If you have planted the planting material in a large wooden box, then after the appearance of the first 2 true leaves, the plants must be dived, that is, transplanted into separate containers.

Often, the pick is carried out 2-3 weeks after the formation of the first shoots.

Transplant very carefully so that the root system of the pepper is not damaged, otherwise it will be almost impossible to restore the sprout.

Top dressing of seedlings

Growing seedlings of Kakadu needs fertilization. Feed for the first time when 2 leaves appear on the shoots. Apply urea, phosphate, potassium salt, and water. Repeat fertilization 2 weeks after the 1st, use the same product.

2 days before transplanting the shoots into a greenhouse or open soil, they must be hardened. Take out the seedlings for a short time in fresh air, just make sure that the temperature is not below +13 degrees Celsius.

Transplanting seedlings into open ground

The timing of transplanting seedlings depends on the growing region: in the south - at the end of May or early June, in the north - 14 days later. The area should be as illuminated as possible, if the soil in the garden is heavy or poor, then add compost (5 liters per 1.5 sq. M.) To it, also add wood ash (0.5 liters per 1 sq. M.).

Dig up the soil and make beds in which you plant the shoots in a checkerboard pattern. Leave the distance between seedlings in a row about 0.5 m, between rows - 1 m. Too tight planting leads to diseases and a small harvest.


Description of the variety

Back in 1982, breeders of the Institute of Plant Genetic Resources. Vavilov, located in St. Petersburg, brought out a new variety of sweet pepper and named it Tenderness. Perhaps because in those years the song of the same name by A. Pakhmutova was at the peak of popularity, and, perhaps, because of the delicate properties of the peel and pulp of pepper fruits. One way or another, but in 1986, the pepper of the Tenderness variety was officially entered into the State Register of Russia and began to spread throughout the country. At present, pepper seeds of this variety are mainly supplied by the production and trading company "Euro-seeds", which is also one of the originators.

In those days, the cultivation of sweet peppers in the open field was common only in the southern regions of the country. There were no polycarbonate greenhouses yet, and glass ones were too expensive. In the middle lane, and even more so in the north or in Siberia, some single enthusiasts tried to grow sweet bell peppers in film tunnels or homemade greenhouses, which, judging by the reviews, they were quite successful. Indeed, Tenderness pepper was recommended for growing indoors even in the Murmansk and Arkhangelsk regions, as well as on Sakhalin, Kamchatka and the Primorsky Territory. And in those days, words were not thrown into the wind. It turns out that this variety can tolerate some shading, and grows well under the condition of long daylight hours. Also, the variety of pepper Tenderness is quite adapted to short-term drops in temperature, as well as to rather strong temperature extremes.

All these properties still allow it to be widely used in the so-called zones of risky farming.

It is interesting that the southern regions of modern Russia were not indicated in the recommendations for cultivation, since at that time there were interesting varieties for them: Gift of Moldova, California miracle. And the Tenderness pepper was bred specifically in order to satisfy the needs of northern gardeners for growing bell peppers on their plots.

The bushes of the Tenderness variety, although they are standard and limited in growth, can reach a height of 120-140 cm. These powerful plants with a thick central stem have strong, outstretched, well-branching stems with medium-sized leaves.

Due to the peculiarities of growth, they require special pruning and shaping, which will be discussed in more detail later.

The variety Tenderness is usually referred to as mid-early peppers, that is, on average, the period from the emergence of seedlings to the technical maturity of the fruits is 105-115 days, but under especially favorable conditions, ripening can begin even after 90-95 days from the moment of full germination.

The yield of the Tenderness variety strongly depends on how conscientiously you can treat the procedure for forming a bush. If you do not find the time or energy to carry out this care procedure, then from one bush you can get only about 1-1.5 kg of peppers. With proper formation, the yield can be increased several times and the pepper will ripen much faster than without pruning.

Pepper's resistance to diseases and pests. Tenderness is average, but again, correct pruning will help improve ventilation of the bushes and prevent the penetration and spread of infection and villains-pests.

But, as discussed above, the Tenderness variety has increased endurance and resistance to weather conditions, unfavorable for the development of peppers.


Description of cabbage variety Kolobok

Gingerbread man is a hybrid variety of white-headed varieties. In 2004 it was included in the State Register of the Russian Federation. Cultivation is possible in all regions of the country. Suitable for both home use and commercial cultivation.

Scientists from the N.N. Timofeev, located in the capital of the Russian Federation. Kolobok's authors are A.V. Kryuchkov, G.F. Monachos, D.V. Patsuria, A.S. Semin, N.A. Kravtsov, V.I. Popov and V.N.

In the publication you will get to know
with the Kolobok variety, read the description, see photos and reviews of summer residents,
cultivated this vegetable in their garden.

Description

Kolobok is characterized by the following
characteristics:

  • Good biological and morphological homogeneity.
  • Suitable for mechanical harvesting.
  • Demanding to the type of soil.
  • Vulnerability to water scarcity.
  • Demanding to feeding.

This is a late-ripening variety. Full
the growing season lasts 150-165 days.

Leaf rosette
semi-raised type, compact, up to 30 cm in height, and about 45-55 in diameter
see Leaves are colored dark green, very smooth to the touch. On the
the surface of the leaves, like other varieties, there is a waxy bloom of strong
intensity. There is unexpressed waviness at the edge of the sheet.

Head of cabbage dense, juicy, round
type. The diameter of the "head" is 15-20 cm, weight is approximately 3-4 kg. Inside the head of cabbage
yellow-white. The outer stump is of medium length, the inner one is very short.

Cabbage Gingerbread Man is a high-yielding
grade. On average, about 85-100 tons of cabbage are harvested from 1 hectare of plantings.
Due to its high yield, the Kolobok is very popular for growing on
sale.

The variety is universal, suitable
for use in fresh and fermented forms. The harvested crop is stored for a long time,
about 7 months. Six months after storage, about 70-75% of the total crop is suitable
for implementation on the market. Moreover, it should be noted that even after 6 months
after storage, the heads of cabbage have the same juicy and pleasant taste as soon as they are harvested
vegetable from the garden.

Fermented Kolobok
tasty, but still inferior to many varieties.

The gingerbread man has an average
immunity, which partially protects it from diseases such as:

  • Fusarium wilting.
  • Gray rot.
  • White rot.
  • Vascular bacteriosis.
  • Mucous bacteriosis.
  • Alternaria.

However, Kolobok is not protected from keel and cabbage flies.

Heads of cabbage are not affected by this
varieties of cracking. The transportability of Kolobok's "heads" is at a high level.

The dignity of the Kolobok

Gardeners love to grow
late varieties of cabbage due to the fact that such a vegetable is stored for a very long time. More
Moreover, late varieties are considered the best in terms of fermentation. The main
the positive aspects of this vegetable are:

  • Excellent taste.
  • High performance
    yield.
  • Security in front of
    most of the known cabbage diseases.
  • Gingerbread man is not peculiar
    cracking "heads".
  • Not afraid of mechanical
    impact, making it easy to transport over long distances.
  • Nice presentation.
  • Good keeping quality.
  • The variety is not bitter
    due to the large amount of glucose in the composition.
  • Even after a long
    storage of more than 70% of the harvest is suitable for sale on the market.

Disadvantages of a hybrid

At the same time, it is worth noting
a number of disadvantages. In particular:

  • Gingerbread man does not tolerate
    moisture deficiency. It does not tolerate short-term droughts and irregular
    watering will not give a good harvest.
  • The vegetable grows poorly in
    infertile soil.
  • Unprotected from keel and
    cabbage fly.

Beneficial features

Like many white-headed varieties, it is rich in nutrients. Cabbage contains biotin and vitamin K. It also contains a large amount of iron, phosphorus, calcium, etc.

We recommend to read: Description of cabbage variety Moscow late 15

Due to its rich composition with
regular use of this cabbage has such positive properties
as:

  • Normalization of work
    digestive tract.
  • Reduced risk
    the occurrence of scurvy.
  • Improving performance
    intestines.
  • Toxins are removed from the body
    and toxins.
  • Prevention
    diseases of the thyroid gland.
  • Getting rid of the syndrome
    hangover.

In addition, cabbage juice
often used in traditional medicine to treat problems such as constipation,
hemorrhoids, abscesses, etc.

Harvesting

The variety is characterized by amicable
ripening of the crop. You can understand that the heads of cabbage are ready for harvesting by the following
featured:

  • The "heads" became solid
    and elastic.
  • Cabbage has stopped recruiting
    masses.
  • Lower leaves of the plant
    began to turn yellow.

It is impossible to overexpose the heads of cabbage in the garden. Cracking is not characteristic of them, however, if the vegetable is in the garden for too long, then most likely it will crack. This, in turn, will reduce its commercial quality and shelf life.

The optimal time for harvesting is September-October. It is best to pick cabbage after a few frosts, so that it becomes more juicy and tender in taste. Store, of course, in a cellar or basement.

Testimonials

Larisa Ivanovna, Khimki, 54 years old.

Personally, after a long search for good cabbage, I settled on Kolobok. The variety is excellent. Unpretentious in care, very dense, large heads of cabbage grow.

Moreover, the variety is late, therefore it is stored in the cellar right up to May. We eat both raw (making salads) and fermented. Delicious and so and so. By the way, I can share a secret.

If you surround a vegetable with "marigolds", then the caterpillar will never attack the culture. And beautiful and good protection.

Dmitry Ivanovich, Nizhny Novgorod, 39 years old.

I have been growing Kolobok for a long time. In general, I cultivate only 2 varieties on the site: Kolobok and Gift, but the second is slightly inferior to the first. Before that I grew many varieties and hybrids, I didn’t like anything.

Either the immunity is good, but bursting and demanding in care, then the immunity is bad, but it is stored well and everything like that. But Kolobok is perfect in every sense. Balanced.

Kolobok's heads of cabbage are compact, very dense.

Oksana Yurievna, Voronezh, 35 years old.

Our neighbor in the country grows cabbage for sale. He has been dealing with this vegetable all the time that we know him. This year I advised to grow the Kolobok variety. He says it is very easy to care for, the harvest is stored until spring, the head of cabbage is dense, the yield is stable, etc. I trust my neighbor, as an experienced one. Therefore, this year we will raise a Kolobok.

Yulia Ivanovna, Pskov region, 43 years old.

I liked the F1 gingerbread man because it can be stored for a very long time. Part we
we store in the refrigerator, and some in the cellar. I like cabbage, no incidents from
we do not expect him. The seeds sprout well, and the culture itself grows by itself,
does not require special care. We collect cabbage after we have harvested the whole crop.
You can eat fresh, you can also ferment.


Watch the video: Column Method To Produce Black Pepper Cuttings


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