Every gardener dreams of the ideal tomato variety, but this, alas, does not exist. But scientists have learned to breed hybrids with well-balanced characteristics. Among such hybrids, the hero of the article is the Kukla tomato variety, a description of which is presented below.
As already mentioned, the Doll is a hybrid variety. A novelty that has managed to perfectly recommend itself. It is prolific and resistant to disease and pests both in greenhouses and outdoors. An early, determinant, universal variety. In height reaches 70 centimeters, requires garter and pinching. The yield is 7-10 kilograms per square meter.
The fruits do not crack for a long time, they tolerate transportation well. The fruit itself is of a classic shape, red-pink in color, glossy, weighing from 150, especially large up to 400 grams. It has a pleasant, "tomato" aroma and fleshy pulp, sweet and sour taste. He proved himself to be a salad tomato. Small fruits are well suited for canning. The juice tastes good, about 7% sugar, and is rich in vitamins.
It is best to grow these tomatoes in a greenhouse, but if the summer is long and warm, then you can also in the open field. Breeders have tried to develop a variety with good immunity. But you should not try it and plant tomatoes where other nightshades grew before: eggplant, peppers or potatoes - they all have the same pests and diseases.
By planting this particular tomato, you can save space, since the Doll, like the Doll Masha, is a fairly productive variety. Planting times in the ground or greenhouse vary by climate.
The air temperature outside at the time of disembarkation should be 12-15 degrees.
Advantages: the versatility of the use of fruits, high taste, productivity, minimal labor costs, strong seedlings, mid-early variety, due to which late blight does not have time to hit it, and the fruits ripen quickly, amicably and there are a lot of them. The bushes are compact, suitable for growing both in greenhouses and in beds. Resistant to disease, easy to care for. Germination rate is 95-100%.
Disadvantages: seeds harvested from the fruit do not have the characteristics of the mother plant. But this is offset by buying new ones from the breeder. It is advisable to water in a timely manner. Also, the determinancy of the variety will seem to someone a disadvantage, since after the ovary the tops stop growing and do not give more fruits.
Buy seeds in a store, they must be fresh enough. Before sowing, they must be soaked, previously wrapped in cloth, in clean water. They are sown in March-April, 40-45 days before planting in the greenhouse, in boxes 4-5 centimeters deep, with soil “for seedlings”.
The seeds are lowered to a depth of 0.7-1.0 centimeters, sprinkled with earth, watered and covered with a film, creating a mini-greenhouse. There should be a distance of 2-3 centimeters between the seeds. The greenhouse should be ventilated periodically. When the sprouts have two leaves, they can be actively watered.
You can dive sprouts into separate containers or into the same box, but at a greater (5-7 centimeters) distance.
After the expiration of time, they are planted in a greenhouse, where the Doll gives the best harvest. Rely on common sense, you do not need to pay attention to the lunar calendar. If the greenhouse is small, the tomatoes can be left in boxes and kept inside the greenhouse for a while, and then transplanted into the ground. Water before planting. You need to plant strong shoots, about 30 centimeters high, at a distance of 50 centimeters from each other. At this distance, it will be most convenient for them to care for and harvest.
In 7-12 days, after they take root and take root, tomatoes can be watered (preferably in the afternoon) under the root, loosened (to a depth of about 5-10 centimeters) the ground and fertilized.
Watering should not be carried away, it is enough just to monitor the soil so that it does not dry out.
If this is not possible, then the soil can be mulched, for example, with sawdust, straw or peat - this will reduce moisture evaporation.
After the appearance of the first flower cluster (which usually follows 5-7 leaves), the tomato is stepson. Grasshopping is necessary so that the plant does not waste energy on extra processes. So the fruits will ripen faster.
Caring for the Doll is traditional, as for all other tomatoes, is weeding, watering with warm water, and protection from insects. Also, at first, a tomato may require feeding, and then tying it to supports. Tomatoes prefer a sunny place and light soils, rich in humus, with a neutral reaction.
It is advisable to cover them from drafts. Water and weed in a timely manner, as well as prevent diseases and pests. Otherwise, it is a very unpretentious variety, for which many beginners and experienced gardeners love it.
Mid-early ripening of fruits. It takes about 80-90 days until the moment of fruit formation. On one hand, 4-5 ovaries are formed, each with 5 fruits. Shoots are limited in growth. The fruits are distinguished by high marketable and taste qualities, are rich in glucose, starch, fiber, pectin substances
Excellent immunity, resistant to verticillium, tobacco mosaic. Young tomatoes are often attacked by the Colorado potato beetle. Adult plants of "Colorado" are not afraid.
Insecticides should be used, as well as, in some cases, growth regulators and stimulants.
Tomatoes will grow best and produce a decent harvest where cucumbers, garlic, onions, cabbage, or parsley grew last year.
The doll is a wonderful, versatile variety. It has a number of significant advantages; it is characterized by early maturity and rich fruiting. Perfect for beginners, even in dubious areas. Remember, to get a quality result, you need to grow healthy plants, creating the best conditions for their speedy growth.
One of the most common hybrids of the first generation is the f1 Chibli tomato, which has gained great popularity in the cultivation of Russia, Moldova and Ukraine. The variety received such popularity for its excellent adaptation to different growing conditions, resistance to verticillium and rootworm nematode. In addition, it has good immunity to fusarium and other diseases. In addition, those who planted this crop argue that the Chibli variety is stress-resistant, does not require much maintenance and has high yields.
Growing tomatoes in northern latitudes takes place in greenhouses. They are planted with seedlings from germinated seeds. Therefore, around April, they begin to sow seeds in a container. Seedlings are planted in the soil in May-June, when the ground is warmed up and there is no longer frost at night. The land in the greenhouses must first be dug up and supplied with fertilizers.
Mature, mature sprouts are planted in the greenhouse at a distance of about 40-50 centimeters from each other. If they are planted too close, then it will be very inconvenient to approach the bushes in order to huddle and harvest them.
Watering must be done before planting. While adaptation is taking place, it is better to leave the tomatoes alone, and after ten days, water again, loosen the soil and feed. Watering should be at the root, not on the foliage. The foliage is lightly sprayed.
The very first harvest is obtained at the end of July. The fruits grow almost simultaneously, ideally they are even, of the same size and bright pink in color.
Tomatoes are part of a wide variety of dishes of many nations. These fruits have excellent taste. They are also very juicy. They are grown both at home and on an industrial scale. There are a huge number of varieties of this culture, among which Carbon can be distinguished. Let's consider in more detail its main characteristics and cultivation features.
The high popularity of this variety, which has only increased in recent years, is due to the fact that it has a high yield. In addition, it has the advantage of being able to grow tomatoes in different conditions. That is, they can be planted both in the beds and grown in a greenhouse.
The variety is considered mid-season. After the first shoots have hatched, it takes about 115-120 days until the first crop can be harvested. Plants are of the indeterminate type. The bush continues to grow continuously throughout the season. Therefore, it is necessary to regularly remove stepchildren from the plants, as well as tie them up.
To securely tie up the bush, a rigid rod is installed. The fruits are tied to it with an elastic band.
If they are not removed, they will take away a large amount of nutrients from the bush, which will lead to a significant decrease in yield. If the stepsons are not removed, then the fruits grow smaller.
As a rule, the bush is formed into one stem, sometimes two.
When growing tomatoes of this variety for the first time, it is recommended to carefully study the features of the variety, reviews and growing tips based on the experience of gardeners. They will help you understand what kind of feeding the bushes need.
Based on this knowledge, you will be able to properly grow seedlings, form plants, and also get a higher yield in the first year of growing.
Tomatoes of the Carbon variety are distinguished by the following features:
To get fruits with such characteristics, all recommendations must be followed when growing, from sowing seeds to harvesting. Plants must be provided with the required amount of water, light, nutrients.
The seeds should be sown approximately 60 days before planting the seedlings in the ground. They are sown in a large container in which they must germinate. Seedlings appear in a maximum of 7 days. And when several leaves appear, the plants are planted in different pots. This is necessary so that the roots are well formed and strengthened.
If you plant tomato seedlings directly on the beds, and not in the greenhouse, then it must be hardened so that the plants gradually get used to the new conditions and quickly take root in a new place. Take the container of pots outside for a few hours every day.
Seedlings are planted in different ways. It depends on how you will shape the bushes. For example, if it will be one main stem, then 4 plants should be planted per 1 square meter. If there are 2 stems, then it is recommended to plant 3 plants on the same unit of area.
In no case do not plant the seedlings of this variety more densely. This will result in low yields and small fruits. Do not plant them next to potato beds.
It is important to remember that plants need to be treated against pests and diseases, in particular, against late blight.
When buying seeds, give preference to only reliable producers. This is the only way you can be sure of their quality and compliance with storage rules.
Remember to water regularly while growing. But you need to make sure that water does not fall on the leaves. Indeed, in this case, the risk of developing diseases increases. A good harvest can only be obtained if all plants receive a sufficient amount of light and minerals.
You can start preparing seedlings 2 months before planting plants in open ground. Before planting the sprouts in a permanent place, the garden must be dug up. It is not recommended to plant bushes too close to each other. The maximum number of sprouts per 1 sq. meter - 6 pieces. It is very easy to care for this plant: it is enough to water, weed and feed with mineral fertilizers on time.
For gardeners and gardeners, a very early ripening hybrid variety called "F1 Debut" will be very interesting. It was bred by Dutch breeders, and after a short period of time found many admirers among Russian farmers and amateur summer residents.
Firstly, it is attractive for the opportunity to please yourself with fresh tomatoes in the first months of summer, and secondly, it is very important for a farm to become the first in the fresh produce market in order to have time to collect all the "cream". Let's take a closer look at this "miracle vegetable" and find out what its advantages are over other tomato varieties and hybrids.
Let's take a closer look at this "miracle vegetable" and find out what its advantages are over other tomato varieties and hybrids.
This plant belongs to the determinant type and can grow only up to 60-70 cm in height, however, in greenhouse conditions, its height is somewhat higher. "F1 debut" - these are very early tomatoes, and the fruiting period is rather long, which, in fact, is attractive. For tomatoes, the period of 89-93 days from sowing seeds to the beginning of fruiting is considered extremely small. In addition, among its advantages there is one more thing - the bushes can grow not only in greenhouses, but also in an open garden.
The best way to form the plant is to leave a couple of stems. The bush is not very powerful, but the yield is quite impressive.
Experts recommend refraining from intensive feeding, as it only enhances the growth of green mass, and this, as you know, negatively affects the formation of fruits and postpones the harvest time.
For greater plant resistance, it is best to tie them to pegs or low trellises, as a bountiful harvest can break the plant's trunk.
Due to the fact that tomatoes ripen quickly, this makes it impossible for them to be affected by various diseases. The variety is initially resistant to diseases such as fusarium, verticillosis, stem cancer, gray rot and leaf blight."Debut F1", as noted by experienced summer residents, does not suffer from sudden changes in temperature. As for the taste, there is hardly anyone who dares to compete with it, this hybrid has all characteristics of "five". It is perfect for consumption, both fresh and as pickling material. Lecho with it is excellent, and the salad does not leave anyone indifferent, since the taste of the tomatoes is wonderful.
The yield is also impressive: on average, about five kilograms of tomatoes can be harvested from one plant. In addition, you can plant up to eight plants per square meter and get almost 20 kilos of fresh and tasty fruits.