35 best varieties of summer, autumn and winter pears


Pear varieties are known to be subdivided into winter, autumn and summer varieties. Each category differs not only in terms of ripening, taste, but also in terms of storage of fruits... So, which varieties can be attributed to winter, and which ripen in summer, see the description below.

Summer pear varieties

August dew

The undisputed favorite among summer pear varieties is August Dew, the result of crossing the Tenderness and Triumph Pakgam varieties. The tree is rather low, less than 10 m in height, the bark is gray, smooth, the buds quickly "wake up" after winter. Branches are spreading, slightly drooping, curved. The leaves are oblong, medium in size, dark green in color. Fruits are of medium size, ripen in mid-summer. The taste is quite sweet, juicy, with white pulp and delicate skin.

Unfortunately, it is not suitable for long storage, the pear quickly turns brown and disappears. It is itself resistant to diseases and pests, easily tolerates winters, bears fruit every year, increasing the number of fruits. The disadvantage of this variety is that it constantly needs to trim the crown, because of this, the fruits become smaller.

Bere Giffard

The same applies to summer varieties of pears. They differ from other varieties with their "ruddy" fruits, red-orange tones on one side of the pear, and light green shades on the other side. Formed on a branch in bundles, from 2 to 6 pieces, and keep that way until fully ripe. Due to the high yield, additional supports are often required, otherwise the branches may break under the weight of the fruit.

The fruits are tender, have a sweet taste, juicy, with white flesh. The tree reaches more than 10 m in height, a sparse crown, branches are slightly drooping and thin. The crown is brown, peels off. The leaf plate is dark green, oblong, with smooth edges. The variety does not tolerate severe winters., therefore, young seedlings require shelter. Fruits are poorly preserved when plucked, no more than a week.

Victoria

This variety is distinguished by its winter hardiness, is not afraid of drought and is rarely exposed to diseases and pests. It appeared as a result of crossing the varieties Bere Bosk and Tolstobezhka. Medium height tree, 8-10 m, with a dense crown, has a pyramidal trunk shape, branches are long and thin. The variety is characterized by late vegetation, flowering. Productivity is high, more than 150 kg of harvest is harvested from an adult tree per year.

The pear begins to ripen in the second half of August, reaching its peak of maturity only by the middle of September. The fruits have a regular pear-shaped shape, with a smooth and thin skin.... The pear tastes sweet, with juicy pulp, and has a pleasant aroma. It is good to make jam and jams from this variety. But the pear is stored for a short time, it does not deteriorate in the torn form for about 3 days, it can hang on the tree for no more than a week, then it falls off.

Victoria is only half pollinated. To increase the yield, it is recommended to plant it next to such varieties as Bere Dumont, Williams red.

Duchess

The name of the variety, translated as Duchess, was bred by an English breeder in Wheeler. The tree is not tall, 6-7 m, with a dense crown, branches are spreading, thin... The crown is a light brown tree, smooth.

Fruits begin to ripen in mid-August, the fruits are bright yellow. On average, one pear can weigh more than 150 g, are located on the branches singly or in groups of 4-6 pears. Stored up to 40 days on a tree and no more than 2 weeks when torn off... The fruit tastes juicy, sweet, with a thin skin and delicate aroma. The taste contains light notes of nutmeg and spices. The variety is frost-hardy, not afraid of cold weather. It is also not affected by scab, but copperhead and aphids are on the tree very often.

How can you tell if summer pears can be picked from the tree? Firstly, if fallen fruits have already begun to appear on the ground, then the harvest is ready. Secondly, it can be determined by the color of the fruit, the ripe fruits become yellowish. Thirdly, if the pear has become soft to the touch, then it can be safely removed from the tree.

Severyanka

It was bred by breeders for the northern regions, hence its name. The variety is medium-sized, tree height from 3 to 6 m, with a dense crown and a pyramidal shape of the trunk... Young seedlings easily tolerate planting and quickly begin their growth, but the tree begins to bear fruit in 4-5 years. The leaves of the tree are light green, pointed in shape, with smooth edges. It blooms in early spring, has more than 6 petals in the inflorescence /

A variety with a high yield, the fruits are strewn with branches, every year the harvest becomes larger, in the same way, the tree bears fruit every year. The pear is large, up to 200 grams each fruit, they are formed into small clusters of 4-6 pears... At the beginning of ripening, they have green tones, and then they acquire yellowish-orange shades. The skin of the fruit is loose, sometimes rather rough. The taste is not inferior to other varieties, sweet, with juicy pulp, has a sour-tart taste and light aroma. But there are not many seeds in the pear, they are located in special chambers in the heart of the fruit. It tolerates winters, diseases and pests well enough, does not need special care.

Cathedral

The same applies to summer, early-growing varieties. It was bred by crossing Lesnaya Krasavitsa and Duchess Bedro varieties. It grows mainly in the Central regions, but due to its resistance to frost, it grows easily in the regions of the North. The tree is medium-sized, from 4 m in height and above, with a wide and dense crown, the branches look up... The trunk is smooth, brownish-gray. Young shoots are slightly drooping, reddish-brown in color, fruiting occurs on them. Leaves are green, smooth, medium in size.

Fruiting begins from the 6th year, the weight of a pear can exceed 130 grams. Ripening occurs in mid-August, the fruits remain on the tree for no more than 2 weeks, even less when plucked. Lemon-colored fruit with many splashes, change their shades closer from autumn to red-orange, which indicates full ripening of the fruit. The skin is thin, the flesh is creamy or white, sweet with a pleasant aroma, medium density. In the middle of the fruit are brown seeds, elongated.

Summer varieties of pears ripen by mid-summer, it is important to remember about their proper care. Summer pears love moisture in spring and especially during fruit formation. For the harvest to be faster, the tree needs annual pruning and feeding.

Winter

Saratovka

Obtained as a result of crossing the varieties Bere and Bergamot... They worked on a new variety at the Saratov State Agrarian University named after V.I. Vavilov. Refers to winter, plucked fruits under the right conditions can be stored until February!

Saratovka is a medium-sized variety, the branches look straight up, the tree is more than 10 m high... The crown is dense, the trunk is brown-gray. Young leaves of light green color, oval, with smooth edges. By the fall, they are painted in dark green tones. The disadvantage is the dense crown, which needs proper pruning every year, otherwise, the tree reduces the amount of harvest, gives more energy to the formation of young shoots.

The yield is high, but the tree begins to bear fruit only in the 5th year. The fruits are sweet, firm, with a thick skin, lemon color, with a red-orange blush. It begins to ripen from mid-August, remains on the tree for a long time, until the end of September. The variety is winter-hardy, rarely exposed to diseases and pests, also tolerates long-term transportation, does not lose taste and external qualities.

Kondratyevka

Winter pear variety, ripening occurs in early and mid-September. High yields start from 5 years after planting. Gives a bountiful harvest annually, the tree does not need rest. The mass of one pear reaches up to 230 grams... The fruits are sweet, juicy, with delicate pulp and spicy aroma. They have the correct pear-shaped shape and are attached to a thick curved stalk. They are green when ripe, slightly yellowish.

The tree itself is quite tall, 10-12 m in height, with a pyramidal trunk and slightly drooping branches. The variety differs from others in its slow growth, it mainly builds up green mass. But then it bears a large number of fruits. Survives severe cold quite easily, tolerant of various diseases and pests.

Pass-Krasan

The same applies to winter varieties of pears. Unlike other varieties that do not need special conditions, this hybrid requires increased attention. Prefers to grow only in sunny places, does not tolerate close proximity to other seedlings. From a lack of sunlight, its fruits become sour and do not reach the required size... He also loves moisture and well-fertilized soil. It is extremely cold and susceptible to many diseases.

But subject to all conditions, it gives large, juicy fruits with a slight sour taste. It bears fruit annually, does not require rest, but you should not expect a large amount of harvest from this variety. The mass of one pear can reach more than 200 grams, large pears are light green in color. The right time to harvest is mid to late October, by this time the fruits reach their optimal size and retain their taste. The advantage is the ability of the fruit to last until next spring.

In order for the variety to begin bearing fruit earlier, it is better to graft young seedlings on quince.

May Day

The result of crossing pears Daughter of Dawn and Late. This variety differs from others in the storage duration of the plucked fruits, up to 250 days! The pear is not demanding to care for, it is frost-resistant. She rarely gets sick, she doesn't care about many pests. The height of the tree is more than 10 m, with a spreading crown... Young shoots are rather thin, gray-brown, smooth. The leaves are round in shape, with smooth edges, slightly curved upwards.

Average fruit weight from 140 grams, have the correct shape, smooth and thin skin. During the summer, the fruits are green, towards autumn they acquire brown-red tones. Attached to branches with a strong stalk, forming a cluster of 4-6 fruits. Sweet to taste, with a pleasant aroma, slightly tart, with white pulp, has an attractive appearance and taste. The variety has a high yield, but fruiting begins at 5-6 years.

Lyre

Winter variety, with a high storage capacity of fruits, up to several months. A tree with a wide pyramidal trunk, light brown in color. Branches of medium thickness, most often gray, smooth. The leaves are elongated, smooth, of dark green shades.

Pear weight more than 200 grams, fruits of greenish tones, acquire a yellowish tint. They have an elongated fruit shape, with a smooth and thin skin. Harvesting can start from September. The pear is sweet to taste, with white juicy pulp. The yield is high, the tree does not need interruptions, but the harvest begins to appear only 4-5 years after planting. Resistant to diseases and pests, but has an average winter hardiness. Especially young seedlings need additional shelter for the winter.

Patriotic

The result of the joint work of O.S. Kharchenko, A.V. Krasovsky and A.F. Mileschko. Blooms in late spring, white, rounded flowers with a light aroma. The tree itself is tall, more than 10 m, with a spreading crown, straight branches. The trunk is brown, smooth, regular in shape.

Fruits are large, light green in color, more yellow when fully ripe. Fruit weight up to 180 grams, has an attractive view for sale, also protects the view during long-term transportation. It is recommended to harvest the tree in early October, the fruits can be stored for several months in a cool place. It produces crops regularly, the tree rarely gets sick and is almost not damaged by insects. It is also frost-resistant and does not need special care, it tolerates scab and thermal burns of leaves. Ripe fruits are stored for several months.

For pears to be stored longer, it is important for them to provide the necessary conditions. The fruit must not be damaged or dented when harvested. Also, the pear should be dry and wrapped in newspaper or paper. It is better to store in small boxes, in 2-3 rows. The room should not be damp, too hot and humid. The optimum storage temperature is + 8-14 degrees, in a dark place.

Late

Dessert Rossoshanskaya late

Belongs to late varieties, ripening of fruits comes at the beginning of September. Dessert pear can be stored until January under proper storage conditions.... A hybrid, the result of crossing the varieties Lyubimitsa Klappa and Tonkovotka, bred in 1952. The tree is vigorous, more than 6 m in height, the seedling has a narrow pyramidal trunk, gray in color, an adult tree forms a wide and smooth trunk. The crown of the pear is branched, young branches are gray, looking up.

The fruit is large enough, weighing up to 180 grams, dark green tones at the beginning of ripening and brown-red shades by autumn. Fastened on branches of 6 pieces on thick stalks. Harvesting begins at 3 - 4 years, the yield percentage is high. Sweet to taste, with soft skin and juicy pulp.

Belarusian

Bred in Belarus. The variety is late, ripening at the beginning of September. Small tree, no more than 3.5 m in height, branches look straight up, the crown is gray-brown, smooth. Leaves are light green, oblong in shape, with uneven edges. Flowering occurs at the beginning of spring, the inflorescences are white, with a pleasant aroma.

Fruits are dull, light green in color, changing to orange-red shades during the summer. The peel of the pear is rough, rather dense, with small black spots. The stalks are short, the pear is squeezed onto the branches in pairs. The pear tastes fleshy, with white flesh, juicy, has a slight sourness... The pear is winter-hardy, not subject to pests and diseases. Minus - it does not bear fruit every year, it needs rest.

The Belorusskaya variety is not always capable of pollinating on its own, therefore, in order to have a successful harvest, it is recommended to plant additional pollinated varieties on the site, for example, Conference or Bere Loshitskaya.

Olivier de Serre

The work of a French breeder. The variety is quite capricious, requires special conditions for growth and careful care. The tree is medium-sized, the crown is compact, the branches are directed upwards. Crown of brownish shades, smooth, slightly flaky... During the summer, it forms many new branches, which reduces the yield, so it is important to remove excess branches in the fall. The leaves are shiny, dark green, rounded.

Fruits can weigh more than 400 grams... In appearance, the fruits are small, round in shape, with a thick skin. The whole fruit is covered with red spots, the surface is bumpy, uneven. The pear is sweet, with white fleshy pulp and a light pleasant aroma. The pear ripens by September and is stored harvested until spring.. It is resistant to diseases, but in severe winters it needs additional shelter, otherwise the amount of harvest in the next year decreases.

Bere Ardanpon

It was bred in Belgium by N. Ardanpon in 1759. This winter-hardy undersized hybrid requires special care. It prefers to grow in the sun, heat and well-moisturized soil - only under these conditions does the tree bear fruit. The tree is vigorous, with a dense crown of brownish-gray color... Young branches are thin, not lowered, The leaf blade is pointed, dark green in color, slightly pointed in shape.Blooms in early spring, with white fragrant inflorescences.

Fruits are large, green in mid-summer and reddish when fully ripe closer to autumn. A pear with a thin, smooth skin. This variety fell in love with gardeners because of its attractive presentation., which persists until cold weather. The pear is sweet to taste, with white, fleshy flesh. It tolerates winter firmly, but it is better to cover young seedlings.

Hera

The same applies to winter varieties, which appeared as a result of crossing Reale Turin and Daughter of the Dawn. The variety is not particularly different from others, but because of its large fruits, it fell in love with gardeners. One pear can weigh up to 280 grams! In addition, the fruits have light green hues, which change to reddish during the ripening process. Not inferior in taste, pears are sweet, with fine-grained cream-colored pulp. They have a delicate, slightly sour taste, with a pleasant aroma.

The tree is medium-sized, no more than 6 m high, with spreading branches, crown, brownish color. Able to give a large amount of harvest annually, not picky about conditions and care. Plucked fruits can be stored for several months. In addition, the variety is quite resistant to diseases, not afraid of insects, frost-resistant.

In ancient Greece, pear fruits were used as a remedy for nausea.

Miracle woman

Another winter pear, a hybrid obtained by crossing the Daughter of Zarya and Talgar beauty varieties. Possesses excellent resistance to frost and disease... It has a pyramidal crown shape, no more than 5 m high. The branches are thin, look up, gray-brown in color. The leaves are rounded, dark green in color, small light streaks are clearly visible. Blooms in early spring, with white fragrant inflorescences.

High yield variety, by weight one fruit from 140 to 210 grams, can remain on the tree for a long time and can be stored for a long time when assembled. Fruits are light green in color; towards autumn they become yellowish, slightly elongated. Sweet to taste, with fleshy pulp, have a delicate pleasant aroma.

Autumn

Autumn garden varieties differ from others in the long term storage in assembled form, they are not inferior in taste to summer or winter ones.

Veles

Autumn pear variety, one of the best. The fruits are large enough, the average weight of a pear is from 150 grams and above... Fruits are regular pear-shaped: narrow at the stalk and rounded at the bottom. On the branches they grow in small clusters, 3-4 pears each. The Veles pear ripens at the end of August, remains on the tree until October. It has a beautiful appearance, until the end of summer, the fruits are dark green, and when ripe, they become red-orange tones. The taste is sweet, juicy, with fleshy pulp and thin skin.

The height of the tree is no more than 8 m, with drooping branches and a pyramidal shape of the trunk, gray-brown in color. Young branches are formed throughout the summer, which affects the amount of the harvest; it is recommended to prune in the fall. Resistant to frost, disease and pests.

Bere Moskovskaya

Frost-resistant, almost not exposed to diseases and pests. It appeared as a result of pollination of the Olga variety with pollen from the Lesnaya Krasavitsa and Lyubimitsa Klappa varieties. A tree no more than 6-8 m high... The crown of the pear is round, light brown in color. Young branches are rather thin, drooping, gray or brown in color. The leaf plate is dark green, rounded. The pear blooms in early spring.

Fruits are slightly bumpy, light green shades, there is a slight blush closer to autumn. It is best to remove fruits that are slightly green and firm in early autumn., so they keep better and stay longer, up to several months in a cool and dark place. If the pear tastes slightly tart, with sourness, it means that the pear lacks moisture. With proper care, the pear becomes sweet and fleshy, with a delicate white flesh. In general, this variety is not capricious when leaving.

Red-sided

The misconception that this variety belongs to the winter, it is not, the variety is autumn ripening. It was obtained as a result of crossing the varieties Zheltoplodnaya and Tenderness. Resistant to diseases and pests, especially scab... It is frost-resistant, gives a good harvest from year to year. The crown is rounded, the branches are slightly drooping, brown-gray in color. Leaves are slightly pointed, light green shades in spring and dark green tones closer to autumn.

Does not require special care, can grow in small shade, under taller trees, but loves moisture. Fruits of medium size, weighing no more than 200 grams... Green pears change their shades to a raspberry blush as they ripen. Sweet to taste, with juicy fine-grained pulp and thin skin. Stick to branches, on short, curved stalks. The fruits are able to survive for a long time, both on the tree and in the harvested state, they are not afraid of transportation.

In memory of Yakovlev

A medium-sized tree with a dense crown. The height of the tree does not exceed 1.5-2m, with a spherical crown. Young branches are thin, looking up, brown-gray in color with small thorns. The leaves are dark green, ovoid, with smooth edges. The harvest gives for 6-8 years... The Pamyati Yakovlev variety is popular among gardeners due to regular fruiting and unpretentious care.

Pears with smooth and thin skin, weighing no more than 200 grams. The fruits are collected in groups of 5-7 pears. The pear is sweet to taste, with juicy pulp and pleasant aroma. The fruits are golden in color, slightly reddish at the end of ripening. Full ripening of fruits occurs in mid-October.... The pear is stored on the tree for a long time, does not fall off, and in the assembled state it can lie for several months. High yield, which increases every year the tree grows. More than 30 kg of ripe pears are harvested from an adult tree per year. In addition, it is capable not only of self-pollination, but also pollinates other varieties of pears. It greatly simplifies the care of a pear that it is winter-hardy and unpretentious in care.

For the first time the word "pear" was mentioned in chronicles in the 12th century, and sounded like "hrusha". And all, because of the characteristic crunch, which was published when biting the fruit.

Muscovite

Obtained as a result of pollination of one of the American Kieffer pear varieties. Possesses a standard shape, with a rather dense and spreading crown, light gray colors, which eventually changes shades to brown tones. Forms new curved shoots quickly. The foliage is light green in color, with an oval shape, slightly curved in the center. This variety produces a bountiful harvest in the southwestern regions. The first harvest is formed in 3-4 years.

Fruits Moskvichki are medium in size, up to 150 grams. They have the correct pear-shaped shape. They have a greenish-yellow hue, which changes towards burgundy-crimson tones by the end of summer. The skin is thin, fleshy with a juicy pulp with a pronounced sweet-sour taste. It is recommended to pick pears when they are slightly underripe, because after lying in the room for a couple of days, the pear ripens and retains its taste. Under the right storage conditions, the fruits are able not to spoil for several months.... High resistance to scab and rot, also not afraid of frost.

Marble

The fruit of the crossing of Bere Zimnaya Michurina and Lesnoy Krasavitsa varieties. The harvest of this variety ripens by the very beginning of autumn, the first fruits can be picked at the beginning of September. Differs from others in the height and density of the crown, the height of the tree is more than 8 m... Many light brown thin branches are formed every year, but pear shoots are extremely rare. Blooms in early spring with white fragrant inflorescences. The foliage is dark green in color.

The fruits are large, from 170 grams, with yellowish-green hues and a slight blush. The pear is also distinguished by the correct conical shape of the fruit. The pulp is coarse, tender, juicy. Rather dense rind, with small dots of a rusty color. The Marble variety, like other autumn pears, is frost-resistant, not afraid of diseases and pests. The tree begins to yield only 5 years, but the yield percentage is high, the pear is able to please with a large amount of harvest every year.

Pear for the Volga region and central Russia

Chizhovskaya

Olga and Lesnaya Krasavitsa were taken as the "parental" varieties, as a result of the long work of S.T. Chizhov and S.P. Potapov and the Chizhovskaya variety was bred. One of the popular self-pollinated varieties in the middle lane, especially in the Volga region and surrounding areas... The tree is no more than 3 m high, the young tree has a narrow crown, grayish shades. Older branches acquire a brownish color, branches look up, medium in thickness, slightly curved. Leaves are oval, dark green in color with smooth edges.

By themselves, the fruits weighing no more than 150 grams. At the beginning of summer, the pear is of light green tones, the fruit is quite hard, but closer to autumn it acquires yellow shades and becomes soft. In this state, the Chizhovskaya pear will not hang on the tree for a long time, therefore it is recommended to pick it at the beginning of autumn. Green fruits can last for several weeks.... Sweet and fleshy on the palate, ripens in mid-August. They have a white, medium-grained pulp with a pleasant aroma. In addition, she inherited frost and disease resistance from her relatives.

The peculiarity of the variety is that the older the tree, the smaller the fruits. You can fight this with timely pruning.

Lada

The result of crossing the varieties Lesnaya Krasavitsa and Olga, a variety suitable for planting in the middle lane. Differs in early maturity of fruits, you can taste fresh fruits already in the middle of summer... Lada is frost-resistant, is not susceptible to diseases and pests, and gives a rich harvest every year. A tree with a branchy crown, branches slightly drooping, looking down. The height of the tree is not more than 3 m, with a pyramidal trunk, closely gray in color. Leaves are shiny, smooth, dark green tones. It winters well enough even in the most severe winters, is resistant to diseases, partially self-fertile.

Medium-sized fruits, no more than 100 grams, light green tones with thin skin. Closer to ripening, the fruits give in yellow tones, become soft to the touch. It is important to take the moment to remove the fruits from the tree, otherwise they become soft, covered with rusty spots and fall off. The fruit is attached to the branches in pairs on short stalks. It tastes sweet, with a slight hint of sourness and can be stored for a long time when torn off, especially in a cool place.

Bessemyanka

Popular and quite interesting for planting, especially spread in the Central regions, it also grows well in the middle lane. The tree is vigorous, the growth rate is fast, it yields consistently, does not need rest. The yield is high, more than 50 kg of fruits are harvested per year. The tree is more than 6 m high, with spreading and curved branches. The leaves are oval, dark green in color, with rounded edges. The variety is also resistant to frost, but prone to scab and other diseases.

Annually it pleases with a large amount of harvest, although the fruits are rather small, more like apples. Light green in color, firm when ripe, the fruits turn yellow and soft when ripe. Attached to branches, one fruit on short stalks. Ripening occurs at the end of summer, when the fruits become yellowish.... It does not last long on the tree, it quickly falls off. In addition, it does not lie for long and in a torn form, no more than 2-3 weeks.

In Europe, until the moment when tobacco was introduced, crushed pear leaves were used for smoking.

Skorospelka from Michurinsk

This variety breaks all records for the speed of fruit ripening. Bred by I. Michurin, as a result of crossing the varieties Citron de Carme and Bere Ligel. It belongs to the early varieties of pear, the harvest ripens by the middle of summer... It is a tall tree, the shape of the trunk is pyramidal, light brown in color.

Fruits no more than 90 grams, green in summer, acquire a yellow tint when fully ripe. Small fruits are offset by taste: sweet, juicy, this pear is loved not only by gardeners, but bees and birds. Therefore, it is better to collect them when they are a little hard, they are stored for no more than a week. The tree itself is winter-hardy, with a dense crown, resistant to diseases and pests.

Allegro

Bred thanks to artificial pollination of the Osennyaya Yakovleva variety. Another variety for the middle lane, which bears fruit annually, is unpretentious in care, resistant to disease and severe cold. Fruiting begins at the age of 3 years, over time, the fruits become larger in size. Medium-sized tree, more than 5 m high, with a lowered crown. The branches are curved, light gray, the leaves are slightly elongated, closely green in color.

A pear weighing from 120 grams with a thick skin, but juicy and sweet pulp, with a spicy aroma. Correct pear-shaped, the fruits are slightly elongated. They are attached to the branches with a thick stalk, grow on a branch one by one. Ripening occurs at the beginning of August., the fruits turn yellowish-red and become soft. The variety is not stored for a long time, ripe fruits hang on the tree for no more than 2 weeks, but when assembled they can lie for more than a month.

The middle zone of Russia has a special climate that is not suitable for growing all varieties of pears. There are pronounced hot summers, severe winters, and transitional periods with a lot of precipitation. Only those who "love" this weather can grow and bear fruit here, and proper care will ensure a greater pear yield.

Garden varieties for the Moscow region, description

Prominent or Bumpy

A pear variety that has long been loved by the Moscow region. A tree no more than 5 m high, with a fairly spreading young crown, which subsequently takes on a pyramidal shape. During the summer, the tree forms many young branches, which must be cut in the fall, otherwise the fruits will become smaller. The leaf plate is elongated, with light streaks, dark green in color. Blooms in early spring, many white inflorescences with a pleasant aroma.

Fruiting begins in the 5th year, fruits of medium size, regular pear-shaped. The color is greenish-yellow during the summer, with a red tint closer to autumn. Fruits with thick skin and coarse white flesh... Sweet and juicy on the palate, with a pleasant aroma. When harvested, they can last for several months, but it is recommended to harvest the fruits in mid-August, when the fruits are quite hard and slightly underripe.

Tenderness

The variety obtained as a result of crossing Tyoma and Lyubimitsa Klapp. A particularly large amount of crops gives in the Volga region, the middle lane and in the Moscow region... The tree is medium-sized, no more than 4 m in height, with a sparse crown. The branches are thin, light gray. The tree blooms in mid-spring, white, small inflorescences. The leaves are round, with smooth edges, smooth. Frost-resistant, capable of bearing fruit annually. It prefers to grow in sunny areas, is resistant to diseases, is not afraid of pests, so growing this variety will not be difficult.

Fruits are large, weighing more than 200 grams with a regular pear-shaped fruit... The pear tastes soft, juicy, coarse-grained with a pleasant aroma. Attached to branches with short stalks. In the middle of the fruit is a chamber with brown seeds. The fruits of this pear are preserved for a long time both on the tree and in the harvested form, especially at a temperature of 0 degrees.

The pear tree is not capable of deforming, which is why, for example, rulers for architects are made from it.

Fabulous

It got its name from the beautiful fruits. Obtained as a result of crossing the varieties Powislaya and Tenderness. The pear has a high yield, more than 30 kg of ripe fruits are harvested from one adult tree per season... The height of the tree reaches 4 m, the branches are dense, thin with a gray-brown crown.The leaf plate is smooth, rather small, of green shades, with small teeth along the edges.

When the pear ripens, it becomes yellow-reddish on one side and greenish on the other. Has the correct shape of the fruit, moreover one pear can weigh over 150 grams... The pulp of the pear is white, fleshy, medium-grained. In the center of the fruit are chambers with dark brown seeds. It tolerates diseases steadily, is not afraid of frost, seedlings easily take root in a new place.

Vera Yellow

Another suitable variety for planting in the Moscow region. A tree with a height of more than 6 m, with a pyramidal shape of the trunk, with erect branches of a brown-brown color... Young leaves of light green tones, by autumn change color to dark green shades. Frost-resistant, does not need special care. The pear ripens in mid-September. It differs from others in that it has declines in yield, the fruits become smaller, but after a couple of years the pear again pleases with a large harvest.

Fruits have green hues throughout the summer, but change to yellow-orange colors closer to autumn. Fastens on short stalks, grows 2-3 pears in a bunch... To the taste, the pear is fragrant and fleshy, medium-grained pulp with a thin skin. Good storage capacity, especially in a cool place.

Elegant Efimova

It turned out as a result of crossing the varieties Lyubimitsa Klappa and Tonkovotka. It grows well and gives a rich harvest in the Central Region, the Moscow Region and other nearby regions. High-yielding, winter-hardy, not subject to pests and diseases... The tree is tall, more than 5 m in height, with a dense crown, dark brown, pyramidal in shape. The leaves are small, dark green in color, with smooth edges.

Beautiful fruit appearance, red-orange tones are intertwined with green shades. But the fruits are small in size, weighing no more than 120 grams, regular, slightly distant shape. Soft, juicy pulp with a pleasant sweet aroma. The thin skin of the pear is prone to dark spots during the summer. Fruits ripen at the end of August, overripe quickly, so it is better to collect them a little hard, and it is recommended to store them in a cool and dark place.

Venus

Another popular variety for planting, due to its winter hardiness and unpretentious care. Tree no more than 4m high, the crown is quite spreading, young branches are slightly lowered down, light brown in color. The variety blooms in early spring with white inflorescences with a sweet aroma. The variety also differs in high productivity, an adult tree is capable of producing more than 40 kg of harvest over the summer. Does not need rest, is able to bear fruit annually. In addition, the variety tolerates frosts, diseases and pests quite steadily.

The variety ripens in early autumn, the fruits are large, weighing up to 200 grams... Red-yellow in color, green tones when ripe. The taste is soft, juicy, slightly sour with a thin skin. They are stored for a long time both on the tree and when assembled.

Regardless of the specific variety, of which there are a huge variety today, the main thing in a pear is its taste and useful microelements, which are so abundant in ripe fruits. Winter, summer and autumn varieties differ from each other not only in taste, but also in the speed of fruit ripening., features of care, and the ability to preserve the fruit. Which variety to choose is up to you.


Top 25 popular pear varieties

All types of pears can be divided according to the ripening time of the fruit. So, early-ripening varieties include those that ripen in late July - August. Mid-ripening pear varieties are represented by trees that bear fruit from September to October. And pear varieties that begin to bear fruit in November and before the onset of frost are called late-ripening or winter ones.

Lemon

Summer pear varieties are opened by Limonka. This variety is used in the food industry, since the fruits do not have bright taste characteristics. But trees are undemanding, they tolerate drought and high temperatures well. Lemon is environmentally friendly and not scab resistant.

Cathedral

The fruits of the Cathedral are very tasty and fragrant, have a medium size and a short shelf life. The skin is green with a bright blush. Cathedral begins to give harvests already 3-4 years after planting, it tolerates cold well and is resistant to scab.

In the description of the Lada variety, farmers note the high productivity of the tree and the early age of the first harvest. The harvest is characterized by medium-sized fruits, sour taste, green skin and short shelf life.

Marble

The best varieties of pears include Marble. It got its name due to the presence of a blurred blush on the sunny side and a large number of red spots all over the surface. The taste of Marble is a wonderful dessert variety that differs not only in its sweet taste, but also in its wonderful aroma. Fruit weight is average.

Dessert Rossoshanskaya

The large-fruited Dessertnaya Rossoshanskaya pear weighs more than 200 g. Fruits are covered with a greenish-yellow skin with a very bright blush. Dessert Rossoshskaya is often grown in the Black Earth Region, since this species is very fond of the sun and gives harvests already 3-4 years after planting.

Rogneda

In the description of the Rogneda variety, there is always a mention of the annual fruiting of trees. The fruits are tasty, weighing about 110-120 g, with a green skin. Trees require regular pruning as branches tend to thicken heavily.

Bashkir summer

Bashkir summer pears are small, but have wonderful taste. Unfortunately, the disadvantage of the Bashkir summer is the late entry into fruiting and the average yield and winter hardiness. On the other hand, the Bashkir summer is capable of self-pollination.

Prominent

In the description of this pear, there is a mention of the unusual shape of the fruit - elongated and rather narrow. Nevertheless, their flesh has a good dessert taste, buttery and juicy. Abundant harvests appear in the 4th year after planting. Prominent has immunity to scab and resistance to cold.

Skorospelka

If you plant trees in a well-lit, warm place, albeit with a lack of moisture, you can get medium and large pears with pleasant taste already in July. The disadvantages of Skorospelka include instability to scab and exactingness to sunlight.

Thumbelina

Thumbelina is a cold-resistant species with fruits of wonderful dessert taste. However, Thumbelina has a number of disadvantages: fruiting occurs in 6-7 years, different periods of ripening of the crop, a very small size of pears (no more than 65 g).


Pear tree varieties

Early varieties that ripen in mid or late August are quite popular in Russia. Autumn pears begin to bear fruit from September to November. Winter-hardy individuals bear fruit before frost sets in. Their fruits ripen in frosty weather with sudden changes in temperature. Some varieties are harvested before they are fully ripe, leaving to ripen until spring. When stored, they acquire a wonderful taste and aroma.

Below are photos of pear varieties with descriptions.

Early ripening pears are very popular. As a rule, they have juicy, firm fruits of medium size. These include the "Tonkovotka" variety, bred in the 18th century, widespread in central Russia.

Trees "Thin" tall, with a wide-pyramidal crown. The fruits have the correct pear-shaped shape, they are held on a thick, arched stalk. The rind is yellowish green or yellow. The pulp is dryish, hard, sweet and sour, and mealy when ripe. The plant begins to bear fruit 8-10 years after planting. The yield of the variety is up to 250 kg per tree. This type of pear is able to withstand the lowest temperatures and surpasses all other varieties in frost resistance. The disadvantages include the low taste of the fruit.


How did we choose

The taste characteristics of pear varieties are by no means the most important parameter of assessment for experts, of choice for buyers. It is much more important to pay attention to the requirements for planting, growing, the ability of the plant to adapt to a certain climate, and much more. The top ranking was based on a whole group of factors:

  • Growth strength - growing conditions, size of an adult tree
  • Early maturity - early, medium, late
  • Frost resistance - resistance to critically low temperatures
  • Winter hardiness - adaptability to winter conditions
  • Productivity - the potential of the tree
  • Taste qualities of fruits - size, sweetness, pulp density, etc.
  • Immunity - resistance to stress, disease, longevity
  • Season - winter, autumn or summer plant
  • Demanding - the whimsical nature of the tree to care.

To get a good harvest every year, a plant needs not only the right choice in accordance with the planting site and climate, but also competent care. Experts gave preference to those varieties that are the least whimsical, available to most buyers, and popular in Russia. Real reviews of gardeners helped to evaluate all the characteristics.


Variety Summer Duchess

The tree is medium-sized, with a dense and branched crown. Very beautiful inflorescences, bloom for a long time, which makes this tree a decorative decoration of the garden. The variety is self-fertile.

Unfortunately, it is not very resistant to frost. The first crop brings in six years after planting the seedling, but the harvest is abundant. The fruits have a great description:

  • the color of the fruit is light green, at the time of consumption it is bright yellow, even sometimes orange
  • the taste is delicate, juicy and sweet
  • the flesh is white or creamy, soft
  • thin skin
  • the aroma of the Duchess fruit has a specific bouquet inherent in Muscat
  • oblong fruit
  • weight reaches 200 grams.

This is one of the earliest pears. The only drawback is that the fruits are not stored for long, only about two and a half weeks.


Pear tree varieties

Early varieties that ripen in mid or late August are quite popular in Russia. Autumn pears begin to bear fruit from September to November. Winter-hardy individuals bear fruit before frost sets in. Their fruits ripen in frosty weather with sudden changes in temperature. Some varieties are harvested before they are fully ripe, leaving to ripen until spring. When stored, they acquire a wonderful taste and aroma.

Below are photos of pear varieties with descriptions.

Early ripening pears are very popular. As a rule, they have juicy, firm fruits of medium size. These include the "Tonkovotka" variety, bred in the 18th century, widespread in central Russia.

Trees "Thin" tall, with a wide-pyramidal crown. The fruits have the correct pear-shaped shape, they are held on a thick, arched stalk. The rind is yellowish green or yellow. The pulp is dryish, hard, sweet and sour, and mealy when ripe. The plant begins to bear fruit 8-10 years after planting. The yield of the variety is up to 250 kg per tree. This type of pear is able to withstand the lowest temperatures and surpasses all other varieties in frost resistance. The disadvantages include the low taste of the fruit.


The best early varieties of pears

August dew

  • dessert taste
  • attractiveness and high-grade fruits
  • not prone to shedding
  • annual fruiting
  • good winter hardiness
  • scab resistance
  • crushing of fruits during overload
  • with age, there is a frequency of fruiting

Chizhovskaya

  • partial self-fertility
  • early maturity
  • weak crumbling
  • regular fruiting
  • high winter hardiness
  • scab resistance
  • undemandingness
  • average taste rating
  • average transportability
  • with age, the fruits become smaller

Marble

  • dessert taste
  • suitability for transport
  • high marketability
  • resistance to scab and powdery mildew
  • susceptibility to septoria
  • insufficient keeping quality
  • shedding of fruits in dry years
  • average winter hardiness

  • partial self-fertility
  • early maturity
  • sufficient winter hardiness
  • low transportability
  • gall mite damage

Cathedral

Moscow summer variety of Chizhovskaya selection for table purposes. The tree has medium vigor and a tapered crown of medium thickening. Fruits weigh 100 - 110 g, classic shape, with tuberosity. The skin is soft, of low strength. The color when removed is greenish-yellow, quickly turns into light yellow, with a slight blurred blush. The pulp is snow-white, semi-oily, fine-grained, sweet and sour. The taste is gaining 4.0 - 4.1 points. Fruits are stored for less than 2 weeks, has an average transportability. Bred for the Central region, but has prospects in the Middle zone.

  • high winter hardiness
  • scab resistance
  • early maturity
  • fruits overripe quickly
  • small fruit

Prominent

A universal pear variety with "southern" genes, belongs to the late summer. A vigorous tree forms a pyramidal crown with large ringlets on powerful branches. Can be planted as a skeleton in order to plant other varieties in the crown. Good compatibility with all varieties. Fruits weighing 130 - 180 g (some up to 200 g), elongated, ribbed, with a slightly hilly surface. The color is greenish-yellow with a slight orange tan, which can cover from 30 to 50% of the surface of the fruit. The pulp is snow-white, juicy, dense, crispy (sometimes tender and oily), sweet with sourness, without astringency (even in slightly unripe fruits), sometimes a nutmeg flavor is guessed. The taste is estimated at 4.1 points. The fruits ripen gradually, so they are suitable for consumption straight from the tree. Ripe fruits are not suitable for long-term storage. When unripe fruits are removed, the pulp becomes mealy. Overripe fruits remain hanging on the tree until they turn black. The variety has proven itself well in the Moscow region and adjacent areas. It is successfully grown in the Leningrad and Bryansk regions.


Watch the video: late winter pears, 3 varieties


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