Proper cultivation of pepper seedlings at home


In the spring, every gardener gets excited. The anticipation of a new planting season is exciting. It is very difficult to refuse to buy another packet of seeds. Pepper seedlings are the first in line. Already in February, it can be planted.

Is it difficult to grow pepper seeds for seedlings

This is not to say that growing pepper seeds for seedlings is difficult. Another thing is what kind of seedlings will turn out. Before transplanting into the ground, one has vigorous, strong plants with the first flowers and even peppercorns, the other has frail sprouts, which are even scary to look at.

The main thing to remember when planting seeds is that pepper does not like transplanting. Therefore, prepare separate cups for him, and exclude the pick.

Guess planting dates is also important. When calculating, take into account the variety of pepper that you are going to sow. The sachet indicates the growing season of the plant. Long-ripening varieties should be sown earlier. It is easier to get a good harvest from early maturing varieties.

Seed quality also plays a role. You can find products of poor quality: low germination, the plant does not correspond to the varietal description. Points to help when choosing seeds:

  1. Choose not varieties, but hybrids (F1) from them productivity and vitality are higher.
  2. The presence on the bag of all data about the seed producer, including the trade mark, address, telephone number.
  3. The bag contains the year the seeds were received.
  4. Indicated number of seeds in pieces, not weight in grams.
  5. A detailed description of farming techniques and how to grow is given.

How to distinguish hot pepper seedlings from sweet or bell peppers

We planted the seeds of bitter and sweet peppers. The cups were not signed. How to distinguish spicy seedlings from Bulgarian seedlings when planting? Is this possible in principle?

An experienced gardener can see the difference during growth. Bitter leaves are narrower and longer. If you chew on a leaf of an adult seedling, there will be bitterness in the mouththis will help you differentiate between them.

A good marker will solve the problem. The variety number on the cup will help you determine what is growing in it.

Not planting sweet and bitter ones next to it is the main advice for a novice gardener. Due to dusting, instead of sweet, a bitter fruit can be obtained.

Landing at home

Let's consider several ways of pre-sowing seed treatment at home. The goals that are pursued at the same time:

  • accelerate germination;
  • improve immunity;
  • exclude infections.

Eliminate infections by soaking the seeds in a solution of potassium permanganate... For disinfection, 15 minutes is enough.

Improves immunity hardening... It is carried out for 7 days. The seeds are wrapped in a damp cloth. During the day they lie near the battery, at night in the refrigerator.

Accelerate germination bubbling - saturation of seeds with oxygen. You will need an inexpensive aquarium compressor. The seeds are dipped into a container of water and the compressor is turned on. The seeds are bubbling for 24 hours. They are dried before planting.

The choice of capacity and substrate

Peppers grow well in 350-400 ml transparent disposable cups. The roots develop well in them. At the bottom, you can make a drainage hole with a hot nail or knitting needle. Excess water will not linger in the glass.

Peppers do not tolerate transplanting well, so they are immediately planted in a separate container according to step-by-step instructions.

Substrate preparation

You can use a purchased substrate for planting, containing all the necessary set of trace elements. A self-prepared soil mixture is safer.

You need to prepare it in the fall. Take garden land from the ridge where they grew cucumbers, onions or carrots... For 1 part of the land taken in the garden, add 1 part of peat and 1 part of humus. Pour 2 tablespoons into a well-mixed mixture with a volume of 10 liters. superphosphate and 2 glasses of ash. Mix everything again.

A week before planting, spill the soil mixture prepared with your own hands with a solution of phytosporin (10 liters - 5 g). The biological product will preserve all beneficial microorganisms and kill fungal spores and harmful bacteria.

Sowing seeds

The cups are filled with earth. It is moist, loose and ready to plant. If there are a lot of seeds, you can sow two seeds in one glass. Leave the sprouted sprouts the strongest... Pinch off the weak pepper. Seeding Depth - 1 cm.

The soil is moist, so after planting it no need to water... Place the cups on a pallet and close the top with PVC foil. The mini greenhouse is ready. For 2-3 weeks (this is the time for seed germination), put the greenhouse in a warm place. For germination, a temperature of 25-28 degrees is needed.

Care

Sometimes remove the film before sprouts appear for airing. If the ground dries up, moisten with a sprayer. When the sprouts hatch, rearrange the tray with glasses on the windowsill.

To get strong seedlings you need arrange artificial lighting... Turn it on in the mornings and evenings when there is no sun.

For lighting, they usually use:

  • phytolamps;
  • LED;
  • sodium;
  • metal halide.

Pepper needs 12 hours of daylight.

You need to water the seedlings quite often. Peppers love moderately moist soil. Excessive watering is bad for the health of the seedlings. She can stop growing, get sick.

Before transplanting into open ground (greenhouse), feed the seedlings 2 times with fertilizer Kemira Lux... For the first feeding, take 1 g per liter, for the second - 2 g per liter. Pour earth into the cups, if necessary. The roots should not be exposed.

To prevent the transplant from becoming severe stress, the peppers need preparation - hardening. You can spend it at night. Open a window so that the room temperature drops below 15 degrees.

Signs quality seedlingsready for transplant:

  • Leaves of rich green color in the amount of 10-12 pieces.
  • The presence of buds 1-2.
  • The stem height is at least 20 cm.

Growing pepper seedlings is an exciting experience. It cannot be called difficult, as it is interesting to care for young plants. Seedlings grown with love will reward you with a good harvest.


How to grow pepper seedlings at home

In the fall, there is practically no preparation for the winter period that would be cooked without pepper. The conclusion suggests itself - you need to grow a lot of sweet bell peppers, well, bitter also does not hurt.

In order to get a good harvest, you need to follow some rules. So, let's figure out how the cultivation of pepper seedlings at home goes by stages.


Soil preparation

Growing pepper seedlings at home involves the choice of soil for sowing seeds.

Each individual crop has its own requirements for the soil and its composition. The soil mixture for peppers must meet the following requirements:

  1. Lightweight, well-drained with a loose structure so that water can easily pass through and not stagnate.
  2. Nutritious, with an optimal amount of trace elements (N-0.2%, P-0.2%, K-2%) and the presence of magnesium, calcium, manganese and iron.
  3. Neutral in acidity, with a pH of 5-7.
  4. Should contain live microflora and organic matter.

Preparation of soil mixture

You can buy ready-made soil mixture, but it will not be difficult to prepare it yourself. To do this you need:

  • turf land 3 kg
  • low peat 3 kg
  • sand 3 kg
  • ash 300 g
  • vermiculite 0.5 l.

All ingredients must be mixed thoroughly. This mixture is ideal for growing pepper seedlings at home.

The soil mixture must be disinfected to exclude infection by pathogens or pests. This can be done in two ways:

  1. Thermal: the soil is kept in the oven at a temperature of 90 ° C for 30-40 minutes. or spill the soil with boiling water.
  2. Chemical: for disinfection use potassium permanganate (1 g per 1 liter of water) or hydrogen peroxide (1 tbsp. L. Per 1 liter of water). The soil mixture is poured with the prepared solution and allowed to dry.

By treating the soil in this way, you can effectively protect young plants.


In recent years, the snail cultivation method has also become popular. To do this, toilet paper, folded in 3-4 layers, is spread on the table. On top of it, earth is poured - in a layer of about 10-15 mm. You need to step back from the edges so that the soil does not spill out. Seeds are placed on the ground from one edge at a distance of about 4-6 cm from each other.

Now the paper is gently rolled into a kind of snail and fixed with thread, tape or elastic band.


How to pick

If the seedlings do not have a separate container, then with the development of 2 leaves they dive. The earth is necessarily moistened, but not flooded. After spraying the plantings several times, they give time to the water to absorb.

The procedure is repeated until the absorption process stops: the soil will be sufficiently moist, but there will be no stagnation of water.

After that, they wait some more time until the excess water drains. Separate cups are prepared in advance. Each sprout is transferred together with a lump of earth into an individual container, sprinkled and compacted.

Deepen the root collar by a maximum of 0.5 cm. The transplanted pepper is watered as necessary, the soil is poured into the container.


Preparing pepper seeds for sowing

Pepper seeds take a long time to germinate, so their germination needs to be stimulated. For these purposes, before planting pepper seeds, they are soaked in hot water. They are kept in a thermos for 20 minutes at 530C.

The next stage, the seeds, in a damp cloth, are placed under the freezer of the refrigerator for several hours. After that, they can already be sown. And you can carry out additional treatment with growth stimulants: soak in a solution of "Novosil", "Epin - extra", "Energena" or "Zircon".

Before sowing, seeds can be pre-germinated in a warm place, and then sown in the ground. But this must be done very carefully, you can break off the root, and thereby ruin the seedling.


Watering and fertilizing pepper seedlings

The soil moisture will have to be constantly monitored, because even short-term drying out can adversely affect the harvest. We water only with warm water so that the seedlings do not get sick. When watering, try not to get on the leaves, this can also lead to harmful consequences. Plants consume nutrients from the soil in large quantities, which means they need additional feeding.

We begin to introduce top dressing in the phase of three leaves. We take 30 g of superphosphate in a bucket of water, 10 g of potassium sulfate and urea each. We feed at the rate of 1 liter of the mixture for 10-12 plants. After a couple of weeks, we repeat the feeding, given that now the amount of superphosphate needs to be doubled.

Be sure to spill the soil with clean water after top dressing, this will help avoid root burns. Before planting, pepper seedlings are gradually hardened, each time increasing the time spent in the fresh air.


Watch the video: Sowing Seeds like mad, picking Rapini and Strawberry hanging baskets! Plot 37 Episode 54


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