Correct planting and caring for an excision onion in the open field


Exquisite onion conquers with its delicate aroma and delicate taste. He is a true masterpiece of breeding. Of the large onion family, it is distinguished not only by its taste characteristics. Exibition is a real giant, it grows up to 1 kg in weight, and who undresses him does not shed tears.

Description and characteristics of the Exibition bow

Onion Exibishen is a Dutch miracle owned by Bejo Zaden. Has: bulb weight 0.5 - 0.9 kg, the color of the head is yellowish; oval shape; the neck is graceful, the husk is thin.

Pros of the variety

  • sweetish, pleasant, delicate taste;
  • lack of typical onion smell after consumption;
  • dense and juicy consistency;
  • short ripening period;
  • sowing possibility in spring and before winter;
  • good as a turnip and on a green feather.

Cons of the variety

  • short shelf life, no more than 4 months;
  • complex agricultural technology cultivation.

Exhibiting onion is considered a salad and should be eaten in its pure form; on its basis, delicious salads, as well as first and second courses are prepared.

Growing - which method is best for the home

It is available to everyone to grow a lettuce Exibition in the garden. Subject to the strict requirements of agricultural technology, it shows excellent results. It is grown in 3 well-known ways.: seed, seedling and planting seedlings. Let's study them in more detail.

Seminal

Sowing with seeds is not difficult, while the bulb grows up to 300g... In order for seedlings to be friendly, you need to know the basic rules for sowing them in open ground.

To grow seeds from onions, you will need: toilet paper, paste, fertilizer, antifungal drugs.

Step-by-step instructions for preparing seeds for sowing

  • cut toilet paper into ribbons equal to the width of the beds (approximately 0.8 m);
  • apply paste to the strips pointwise, every 5 cm;
  • on wet paste put onion seeds;
  • leave for 24 hours for drying;
  • in a day wind the tapes into rolls;
  • store blanks in a plastic bag until disembarkation.

Paste recipe

dilute 1 tsp of starch in ½ glass of cold water, put the mixture on low heat, cook, stirring until a thick mass is formed. Cool down. Apply fertilizer AVA.

Soil preparation

Before planting seeds, it is necessary to dig up the earth, loosen it, remove weeds and treat with any antifungal drug, Fitospirin solution is suitable (1 tbsp / l for 10 water).

Make grooves in prepared ridges, 2 cm deep, put seed strips in them and sprinkle with loose soil.

How to plant seeds in spring

There are no clear recommendations at what time it is correct to sow onion seeds in open ground. It all depends on the region of cultivation. In southern conditions, it can be the month of April, in the middle lane and Siberia - mid-May.... The most important condition is the warmed-up soil + 10C and the absence of night frosts.

In order to accelerate the germination of seeds and protect them from unwanted atmospheric influences, it is recommended to install arcs and cover the bed with any covering material. It will protect crops from onion flies and other garden pests. Watering with warm water.

Sowing seeds before winter

The method of winter sowing of onion seeds has worked well in practice. When sown before winter, it rises quickly and has a stronger immunity. Seeds can be sown in the ground when the ground is already slightly frozen.

  1. On a sunny plot prepare a high ridge of soil mixture with humus and sand, remove weeds.
  2. In 2cm deep hollows sow the seeds observing a row spacing of 20 cm. Density in the spring can be thinned out.
  3. Sprinkle with soil 1.5 cm and pour with warm water from a watering can. The irrigation holes should be shallow so as not to deepen the planting. A garden sprayer can be used.
  4. Mulch the bed with peat, straw, sawdust by 2 cm. Mulch will help save future spring seedlings from frost, retain moisture and resist weeds.
  5. When the snow falls sprinkle them with a garden bed, creating additional protection.
  6. In the spring when the snow melts re-mulch as needed... Further care is the same as for spring sowing.

Seedling method, planting in open ground

This method is more time consuming, but it is he who guarantees the best harvest results. At the end of February or at the beginning of March, seeds are sown for seedlings at home..

Step-by-step instruction

  • wrap the seeds in a thin cloth and immerse in warm water, you can add fresh aloe juice;
  • extract from the water and dry keep in the shade for 3-4 days;
  • decontaminate a weak solution of manganese 1 g / 1 l of water at a temperature of + 40C;
  • sow seeds into the landing container on top of the ground;
  • use purchased soil for bulbous crops or prepare it yourself in advance from the sod land, distilling the mullein (rotted) in a ratio of 10: 9: 1;
  • sprinkle seeds ground by 1.5 cm;
  • water abundantly water from a spray bottle;
  • to create greenhouse conditions;
  • put container in the shade for 7-10 days.

As soon as the first shoots appear, remove the film and put the seedlings on a sunny windowsill, preferably the south side of the house. For active and healthy growth, seedlings need the following conditions:

  • air temperature + 20C;
  • airing the room once every 3 days;
  • watering with warm water with mineral fertilizers every day.

So must grow set from a long feather 10 cm in 2 months... 14 days before planting, take out the seedlings in the afternoon to fresh air for hardening.

Ready seedlings can be planted in the garden in early May. This will require a well-lit area with suitable drainage soil. The acidity of the soil should not be acidic. Manure is not introduced before planting seedlings, it contributes to the looseness of the bulbous culture. Plant seedlings in the holes to a depth of 2.5-3 cm according to the scheme 20 by 30 cm continue to carry out standard care.

Correct planting of onion sets

Sevok are small planting bulbs. The best harvest is obtained from them. You can grow sevok yourself from seeds or buy it at a store. Sow sevok in the spring or before wintersubject to the above conditions.

With dense sowing of seeds, an excellent sowing is obtained for planting the next season. Before planting, the seedlings are soaked in a manganese solution and treated with antimicrobial drugs... The rest of the care and cultivation fits the typical descriptions and requirements.

Soil for planting

The Exibishen onion variety is picky about the soil. It should be light, loose and nutritious. Suitable soil with humus at the rate of 2 buckets per 1 sq / m with the addition of a fertilizer based on minerals and finely ground charcoal. River sand can be added.

Gardeners advise planting carrots, parsley, celery, lovage next to the Exhibichen onions. They are good neighbors and help each other in pest control with their fragrances.

Care

Follow-up care includes: watering, fertilizing, weeding and loosening the soil. It should be noted that the primary seedlings will be thin, like grass and oxygen access to the root system is very important for them. Dry soil crust or weeds can destroy all work.

Watering and lighting

Onion Exibishen is capricious in terms of moisture and sun. It is important not to fill it, but also not to allow the soil to dry out.... The moisture should be moderate, and the water warmed up. To preserve it in loose soil, you can resort to the mulch method. To do this, you can use straw, sawdust, wood rot, paper. Water as the soil dries, depending on the weather conditions. In dry summer, watering should be carried out daily in the evening hours.

Sunlight is one of the main conditions for growing onions... For its yield, it is necessary to choose the most illuminated area.

Weeding and loosening

Loosening the soil in the garden with onions is required 1 or 2 times a week, carefully, without damaging the delicate roots. Manually remove weeds as they grow.

Top dressing

To get a good harvest, the plant should be fed. As a fertilizer under the Exibition onion, apply organic (mullein and chicken droppings diluted in water) or mineral fertilizers based on porcelain, nitrogen, magnesium and potassium (once every 3 weeks), observing the standards.

Stop watering and feeding 30 days before the harvest.

Harvesting and storage

The technology of harvesting the Exibichen lettuce onions is similar to that of onions. When the greens have died and died, then it's time to remove the onions from the groundotherwise it can take root. Usually this time falls on the second half of August.

For harvesting, dry, sunny weather is chosen. The removed bulbs should be lightly dried in the sun., and then dry thoroughly in a dry and dark place (for example, in the attic or in a barn).

When the neck becomes thinner and becomes dry to the touch, the bulb is cleaned of excess husk and stored at a temperature of + 5C.

Diseases

Onions, including the Exibition variety, are susceptible to certain diseases, some of which cannot be treated:

  1. Rot - frequent fungal disease. It infects the bulbs from the inside, starting from the bottom and makes them slimy and soft. There is no cure. Diseased bulbs will need to be destroyed.
  2. Onion smut. Translucent stripes of dark ash color appear on the feathers. If such leaves are removed as quickly as possible, then the disease may be defeated. In the future, it is impossible to plant on this place, there spores of the smut fungus will live there for 3 or 4 years.
  3. Stem nematoda. This is a small worm that eats bulbs. A sign of its vital activity is twisted and discolored onion feathers. At the same time, under the ground, the bulbs rot and crack. Diseased plants need to be removed and burned. To avoid nematodes in the future, you need to treat the kidney with lime flour and use high-quality material for planting.
  4. Onion fly. She lays her eggs on the scales and in the soil. The plant is harmed by its larvae. Damaged bulbs become soft, begin to rot, and seedlings turn yellow and dry. Onion fly activation time May-June. You can fight it with tobacco dust, with the addition of ash and black pepper. Dusting or spraying with such an infusion can be carried out. Broad-spectrum insecticides will also help. Experts recommend taking preventive measures in early May.

We advise all gardeners to grow Exhibichen onions at least once in their personal plot using any of the proposed methods. Feel free to plant it on a sweet and large onion, on juicy greens or on sets, for the subsequent growing of the largest bulbs... Observing the requirements of agricultural technology, it will be possible to feast on a healthy and very tasty harvest grown with your own hands before the New Year.


How to grow 1 kg Exhibit onions? Planting and leaving

The Exibition onion is a masterpiece of Dutch selection. He fell in love with many gardeners not only for his size. Yes, with good care, the bulbs can reach 800 grams or even more than 1 kilogram. Many gardeners, growing it, make annoying mistakes, as a result they do not achieve the expected result. But if you approach the cultivation process competently, then, undoubtedly, you will grow just such an onion. Although, there are no special secrets. How to grow Exhibitive onions will be described in detail in the article. Why grow such a large onion, you ask? This question is asked by people who have never tried it. In terms of taste, it is much superior to the usual one. The onion has a sweetish, pleasant, moderately spicy taste, has a juicy and dense texture. But it is especially pleasant that, by cleaning it of scales, you will not shed tears.

The advantages also include:

  • it is grown for a turnip and a green feather
  • has a short ripening period
  • the possibility of sowing seeds in spring and before winter, like onion sets
  • used in salads and canning.

The disadvantages include its short shelf life, no more than 4 months. For beginners, the process of growing it will seem difficult. However, having tried to plant it at least once, then the growing process will no longer seem complicated.


Where do the roots of the batun onion grow from?

Despite the fact that batun onions are rarely grown, they are popular with true connoisseurs of green onions. It is quite possible that you have heard how some gardeners talk about Chinese onions and onions. So we are talking about the same onion - a batun. In the common people it is so called because of its history of origin. Batun onions have been cultivated for centuries in the Asian territory of China and Japan. On the same territory, including the territory of Siberia, one can still observe wild plantings of the trampoline, which multiplied according to the principle of self-seeding. The fact is that this type of onion is rightfully considered perennial. If you constantly look after the batun onion, then it gives good yields. If abandoned, it will multiply on its own and start to run wild. Which will lead to a significant decrease in yield and loss of presentation.

Unlike amateur gardeners, the cultivation of batun onions is popular with farmers. They grow it in greenhouses for further marketing. That is to say - for commercial purposes. Batun onion practically does not form a bulb and when grown for sale as green onions, the faint bulb gives additional weight.
The onion bulb itself is more like a set and tolerates severe frosts in the ground. But the superficial green part favorably tolerates only light frosts. The vegetation process of the batuna onion begins in very early spring, as soon as the temperature begins to rise slightly above zero.


Harvesting

The Exibishen onion ripens approximately 120-130 days after full germination. The harvest time depends on the growing region. In the south, onions ripen by the end of July, in the regions of the middle zone - at the beginning of August, in Siberia and the Urals, harvesting begins in mid-August. A sure sign that the onion is ready for harvest is dry, fallen leaves. At the same time, the root system dies off. It is important not to leave the ripened onions in the soil for a long time - the heads re-root in moist soil, which significantly reduces the shelf life.

Important! To obtain large heads, it is strictly forbidden to cut green leaves.

Onions are harvested in sunny and dry weather, pulling the heads out of the ground, digging in with a pitchfork or a shovel. The bulbs are cleaned, the roots are cut and laid out on nets for drying, ripening and disinfection in the sun. In rainy weather, the crop is dried under a canopy, in an attic or shed for 10-12 days. After drying, the heads are sorted out: the damaged ones are not stored, but consumed immediately, clean and healthy ones are sorted by size and laid out in nets, wooden boxes, boxes. It is convenient to weave the bulbs into braids and store them hanging. So each of them will be in sight.


Why is stratification needed?

Stratification is the process of activating seed germination. In general, it looks like this. The seeds are disinfected, placed in a small amount of substrate (usually a mixture of sand and peat). The soil is moistened, then excess moisture is removed and placed in a container. Most often they use plastic boxes for ice cream, cottage cheese, etc. The container is covered with a rag or gauze (occasionally with a film) and placed in heat for about 2 days. When the shift is swollen, the container is moved to the refrigerator or basement.

Airing and loosening of the substrate is carried out every 7 days. The soil is moistened as needed.

The main task of stratification is to simulate winter conditions. Then, getting into the warm soil after the cold, the onion seeds of the excision "think" that spring has come and begin to grow actively.

Cold stratification

Not all plant seeds require stratification, but excision onions are usually stratified. The duration of the procedure for this culture is several days. The planted seeds grow faster after stratification.

ON A NOTE. In other cultures, the stratification process can take a longer time: from 1 to 3 months.


Watch the video: Onions. How To Grow, When To Harvest, How To Harvest, Storage. The life cycle of an onion.


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