Properties of the yellow Indian cucumber momordica


Momordica (Indian cucumber) is a tropical plant, which combines the qualities of cucumber, pumpkin and pomegranate. It has a pleasant taste and contains a large amount of nutrients. Its regular use helps to improve the condition.

General characteristics of the plant

Momordica is a pumpkin plant. The fruits are oblong.

In Latin, the name means "biting". This is due to the presence of glandular hairs on the leaves and fruits of the plant, which provoke irritation on the human skin.

Initially, the plant was grown in Asia, Africa, Australia. There is information about the breeding of Momordiki in the Crimea. In Russia, the plant appeared not so long ago. It is actively grown in greenhouses, balconies, and window sills.

Momordica is a climbing plant in the form of vines... It is distinguished by its decorative beauty. Vines reach 2 meters, the leaves are large. During flowering, a large bright yellow flower with a pleasant aroma appears.

The fruits reach 25 centimeters. They have an oval, slightly oblong shape. Specific growths are located on the upper part.

When ripe, the peel of the fruit changes color to yellow or orange.... The pulp is juicy and has a ruby ​​color. After ripening, the fruit cracks along the bottom and opens.

What is Momordica:

The benefits and properties of momordica

Indian cucumber has become widespread due to its medicinal properties. Experts note the content in the plant of three main groups of compounds:

  • insulin-like peptides;
  • alkaloids;
  • carotene.

Momordica contains up to 55% fatty oils, amino acids, sapolins, phenols. The fruits contain a high content of vitamin C, B, calcium.

Indian cucumber is used for medicinal purposes in several ways:

  1. Normalization of blood pressure, lowering blood sugar, treatment of tumor formations... The high content of peptides, alkaloids and carotene allows to stabilize blood pressure and normalize general well-being in diabetics.
  2. Diseases of the gastrointestinal tract and duodenum 12... The seeds contain a high amount of fat, which makes it possible to treat peptic ulcer diseases.
  3. Stagnation of fluid and bile in the body... Momordica has a diuretic. It allows you to remove excess fluid from the body, helps cleanse the choleretic and urinary tract.
  4. Treatment for snake bites... Leaves have pulling properties. They are recommended to be applied to wounds and bites of poisonous snakes. The compress removes toxins from the patient's body, relieves inflammation, and reduces pain.

High carotene content, which turns into vitamin A in the liver, has a beneficial effect on the state of vision, hair, nail plates, teeth, and skin.

Thanks to vitamin C, the fruit is used for colds. It is a powerful antioxidant.

The use of momordica allows you to improve vascular permeability, normalize blood coagulability, exclude inflammatory processes in the body.

Contraindications to the use of yellow Indian cucumber

Like most tropical fruits, Momordica may cause an allergic reaction.

When harvesting momordica, it is best to avoid touching the leaves and stems with your bare hands. On contact with the skin, they leave traces in the form of a burn, accompanied by unpleasant sensations.

There are a number of people who are contraindicated in Indian cucumber:

  1. Women during pregnancy and lactation... Fruits contain substances that provoke spontaneous abortion.
  2. Persons prone to allergic reactionssuffering from atopic dermatitis and other manifestations of skin diseases. Indian cucumber is a tropical fruit that contains a lot of acids, oils, vitamin C. It can provoke an allergic reaction.
  3. Children under 3 years old... Tropical fruits, which can cause an allergic reaction, are not recommended for small children.

Use in traditional medicine

For treatment with folk remedies, all parts of the plant are actively used. Decoctions, lotions, tinctures and compresses are prepared from them.

Decoction of seeds... To prepare the broth, you will need 250 ml of boiling water and dry cucumber seeds. The broth is brought to a boil and kept on fire for 15 minutes.

The remedy effectively helps against hemorrhoids, prostatitis, fever. It is used to improve vision.

Fresh seeds... The use of seeds helps to improve the functioning of the stomach and intestines. It is enough to chew 2-3 seeds once a day.

Roots and fruits... Decoctions and tinctures are prepared from dried momordica. They are well proven in the treatment of coughs during colds.

Fresh leaves... Fresh leaves are used for the preparation of decoctions and inhalations. In the case of arthritis, a decoction is prepared from the green shoots. It helps relieve pain.

Fruit pulp and juice... The pulp applied to the bites in the form of compresses allows you to relieve inflammation, remove itching, and reduce swelling. The juice is used for compresses for burns of varying degrees.

Experts recommend using unripe Indian cucumber fruits. Slightly green fruits have a sweet taste.

Overripe fruits have bitterness... Seeds, on the contrary, should be used only when ripe.

Healing properties of Momordica:

Application during pregnancy and lactation

During pregnancy and lactation, fruits, seeds or leaves of Indian cucumber prohibited for use... In women at any time, momordica can provoke a spontaneous abortion.

Substances contained in fruit pulp pass into milk and contribute to the appearance of an allergic reaction in a child. Therefore momordica not recommended for nursing mothers.

Features of agricultural technology

Indian cucumber propagated by seeds... For successful germination, it is necessary to destroy the upper shell and soak the seeds in a manganese solution.

Sprouted seeds are planted in separate pots with ready-made soil. Place 2 seeds in each container. Deepening is carried out by no more than 1.5 centimeters.

Sprinkle a layer of earth on top of the planting. Before emergence, the pots are covered with foil.

Momordica is a light-loving plant... Seedlings require a lot of sunlight. Therefore, plantings are placed on the southern windowsill or supplemented by lighting in the morning and evening hours.

Landing is carried out after the last frost. The site is chosen well-lit, with fertile, loose soil.

Pits for seedlings are prepared with a depth of 40 centimeters at a distance of 60 centimeters from each other. Vines require careful garters. Trellis are used for support.

During leaving, they adhere to a number of recommendations:

  • plants love plentiful, but timely watering. Excessive moisture contributes to root decay;
  • cucumber leaves are sprayed with warm water in the evening;
  • during the flowering period, fertilizing with mineral fertilizers or mullein solution is required;
  • the yield of Indian cucumber can be increased by removing the side shoots after the first ovary appears;
  • with a low ovary, plants require artificial pollination;
  • when caring for plants, gloves and skin protection should be used.

The collection of fruits occurs 2 weeks after and the formation on the vines... You should not leave the crop on the plant, this leads to its weakening.

If you follow the recommendations, breeding Momordica is not difficult.


There are almost 20 species of this culture in the world.

For our area, momordica is an exotic plant, but it has taken root well, it is successfully grown on personal plots. All parts of the mad cucumber are edible. They eat unusual fruits with seeds, foliage and thin, but strong shoots. In an adult plant, they reach a length of 2 to 4 m. The leaves of the plant are deep green, carved.

Flowers are bisexual:

  1. The male flower is larger, of a bright yellow color, blooms on a long peduncle.
  2. Female flowers are smaller and have a short peduncle.

Unusual fruits with pimples grow up to 25 cm in length, their diameter is about 6 cm. In green form, they are rich in color, like a cucumber, and then turn orange, resembling a small melon. The inside of the fruit has a red flesh with a pleasant taste. In the middle of each there are about 30 seeds of a maroon shade. They are very similar to pomegranate seeds, only with a dense skin.


Characteristic

Momordica vegetable is one of the Lagenaria species, it belongs to the pumpkin family. It is a perennial vegetable, which is why it is often grown near gazebos or hedges as decoration. The homeland of the Indian cucumber is the Asian continent. He came to our country quite recently. The plant is quite demanding on growing conditions: it needs good lighting, no drafts, open winds and direct sunlight.

  • The leaves of the Indian cucumber are quite large, light green in color.
  • The inflorescences are yellow, the aroma is reminiscent of jasmine. Fruits are rich-carrot, yellow in color, rather large (about 25 cm in length), with juicy pulp.
  • All parts of the plant have beneficial properties and are used to treat and prevent various diseases.


Momordica - medicinal properties

Momordica has the appearance of a herbaceous climbing vine and belongs to the pumpkin family. The homeland of the plant is India and Southeast Asia, but today this crocodile cucumber, mad melon and Indian pomegranate, as it is also called, began to be grown in the Slavic countries largely because of its decorative effect, but few people know that momordica has mass of medicinal properties.

Although Momordica is a pumpkin crop, its thin and long stems can reach over 2 meters in height. After flowering, young green fruits appear, the surface of which seems to be covered with warts. Gradually, the color changes to yellow or yellow-orange, and inside the fruit is a juicy dark ruby ​​pericarp. The taste is very similar to persimmon, but the shell of the fruit resembles a pumpkin, only slightly bitter. The pulp and seeds of this plant are widely used in the culinary arts of Asian countries. They are boiled, fried, added to salads, first courses and combined with vegetables.

Indian cucumber is a favorite dish in Japanese Okinawa, and both already ripe and unripe fruits are eaten, which are equally useful and pleasant and differ only in astringency and sharpness of taste. Momordica is included in the national Indian curry seasoning, and if you insist on alcohol, you can get a fragrant homemade liqueur, liqueur or wine. Due to its beneficial properties, Momordica is widely used in medicine, and not only fruits, but also seeds, leaves, root and stems.

Medicinal properties of the momordica plant

In addition to proteins, fats and carbohydrates, Momordica contains vitamins - E, F, C, folic acid, minerals - calcium, phosphorus, sodium, potassium, as well as amino acids, saponins, alkaloids, glycosides, phenols, resins, oils, etc. the value of mad gourd far exceeds the value of eggplant and bell pepper. Vitamin E in its composition acts as the prevention of premature aging, vitamin F provides the body with energy, and folic acid is involved in the production of new cells, increases the resistance of the nervous system to stress, and acts as a prevention of cancer.

Momordica is one of the few plants that contains harantin, a substance that can lower blood sugar levels. Such medicinal properties of Momordica are widely used in diabetes mellitus. The seeds of the fruit are rich in fatty oils and momordicin, an alkaloid, which has anti-febrile, antiseptic and anti-inflammatory effects. This gives the reason to use the seeds to fight seasonal colds, as well as to heal all kinds of cuts, wounds and sores on the skin. In addition, they are able to strengthen the immune system, increase the level of hemoglobin, and reduce the concentration of "bad" cholesterol.

The beneficial properties of momordica leaves are used in the treatment of hypertension, cough, pain. Fruits cleanse blood vessels, reduce the risk of developing diseases of the heart and blood vessels, and improve vision. Useful properties of alcoholic tincture of Indian cucumber Momordica are used to combat rheumatism and psoriasis, colds. The seed decoction has proven itself well in the treatment of hemorrhoids and as a diuretic. No less valuable qualities are possessed by seed powder, which is used as widely as the decoction. Since ancient times, ancient Indian women have used gruel from the pulp to prepare all kinds of face masks that have a rejuvenating effect. They also allowed to eliminate skin rashes, acne and prickly heat.

There is no need to warn about the dosed use of Momordica, because it is simply impossible to "overeat" it - it will take time to get used to it.


Chemical composition

The valuable momordica fruit contains dozens of components that provide the medicinal properties of tea and dietary supplements.

  • Vitamins of group B. Participate in all vital processes of the body.
  • Vitamin C. It is necessary for renewing blood, strengthening blood vessels, and fighting viruses.
  • Vitamin E. Increases libido, promotes overall health, helps to maintain youth.
  • Carotene. Strengthens bones, immune system, eyesight.
  • A nicotinic acid. Reduces sugar levels, removes toxins, improves the functioning of the heart and blood vessels.
  • Lycopene. Antioxidant helps fight cancer cells, breaks down fats.
  • Folic acid. Normalizes the emotional background, participates in the formation of new cells, hematopoiesis.
  • Vitamin F. Eliminates skin problems (acne, eczema).
  • Fruits and shoots contain: glycosides, phytoncides, potassium, iron, phosphorus, calcium.


Indications and contraindications

Due to its rich chemical composition, Momordica has a healing effect on the human body and is used to treat [3]:

  • diabetes mellitus
  • asthma
  • lupus
  • parasites (worms)
  • infectious gastrointestinal diseases
  • rheumatism
  • hemorrhoids
  • psoriasis
  • acute and chronic hepatitis
  • hypertension
  • joint and headaches
  • leukemia
  • sarcomas
  • melanoma.

The plant is prohibited to use in the following cases [3] [4]:

  • individual intolerance
  • pregnancy (momordica has an abortive effect)
  • lactation period
  • the presence of diseases of the adrenal glands, stomach, thyroid gland.


Exotic Indian cucumber Momordiki: beneficial properties

Not only the fruit itself has healing properties, but also the berries, stems and even the roots of the plant inside it. Momordica cucumber can be salted, pickled, filled with syrup, made into jam, mixed with honey or sugar.

Momordica leaves contain many beneficial elements (calcium, sodium, phosphorus, iron). Fruits and shoots are rich in potassium, silicon, selenium, zinc, vitamins A, B, E, C, F, nicotinic, pantothenic and folic acids.

The leaves of the plant in some countries can be used to prepare national dishes. It is good to fill various soups, salads, snacks with young shoots. The fruits can be eaten both ripe and slightly unripe. Both are equally useful.

Momordica helps to increase the total amount of beta enzymes in the pancreas and helps the body produce insulin. This allows you to regulate the concentration of sugar in your blood. Indian cucumber is a natural medicine that helps to eliminate toxins from the body and is involved in stimulating the body's defenses. Its fruits and seeds help lower blood cholesterol levels, cleanse blood vessels, and reduce the likelihood of heart attacks and strokes.

Another important property of Momordica is its ability to inhibit tumors and cancer cells. This fact was established relatively recently. In the course of research, it was found that drugs in the composition with plant extracts help stop the development of prostate tumors. The anti-malignant and antileukemic activity of the components contained in Momordica against sarcoma, liver cancer, leukemia, melanoma was revealed.

The fruits and juice of Indian cucumber have antibacterial and antiviral effects. They are effective in treating diseases such as diabetes, asthma, hepatitis, psoriasis. Momordica is used in the treatment of wounds, getting rid of worms and parasites, for headaches and joint pains, furunculosis.

Eating Momordica Indian Cucumber promotes weight loss as it successfully removes excess fat from the body. In addition, this product improves vision, relieving eye diseases.

Decoctions and tinctures from the plant increase potency, cure prostatitis, urolithiasis, sclerosis, and improve brain activity. Momordica is also widely used in cosmetology. An infusion of its leaves helps to smooth wrinkles, improve skin condition.

Despite the undeniable benefits of Momordica, this plant is not recommended to be consumed uncontrollably. Having consumed a large amount of the product at a time, it is unlikely that it will be possible to get rid of the disease, but it is quite possible to get an allergic reaction.

You can not use Indian cucumber for women in position. In addition, another contraindication is individual intolerance to the product. Therefore, before deciding to try an unfamiliar product, you need to find out as much information as possible about it.


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