Country exotic: how I grow ginger and peanuts


For several years now I have been growing ginger and peanuts on my site. These exotic plants produce good yields in temperate climates. I am describing several important agrotechnical techniques that I once found on the Internet on sites for gardeners.

Ginger

This crop requires a loose substrate with good drainage. Under natural conditions, ginger grows on a mixture of sand with rotten leaves. He prefers sunny areas and is afraid of drafts. I plant bushes in the most prominent place - in the background of a large flower bed in the form of a seashell. Long shoots with large leaves make an excellent backdrop for annuals.

Planting begins in January.

I have my own material, but you can additionally purchase a couple of spines in the store. They should be free of mold or mucus. Many eyes and fresh peel guarantee a good harvest. It is advisable to immediately soak the purchase in warm water or a weak solution of potassium permanganate. Then the root must be cut into pieces. It is better to sprinkle the places of cuts with crushed coal.I plant ginger in a mixture of turf soil, leaf humus and sand. It is not necessary to deeply deepen it. I water the substrate and put the pot in a bright and warm place. It is necessary to moisten the soil every 2 days, then the number of waterings can be reduced. The surface needs to be loosened carefully so that no crust forms on it. In early summer, I carefully roll the tall and powerful shrub from the pot to the flower bed. A comfortable temperature for ginger is +25 degrees.

Any slight cold snap prevents the culture from developing.

If the summer is hot, I will certainly spray the bushes in the morning and evening. From top dressing I use organic matter at the beginning of the season, and later phosphorus-potassium fertilizers are used. At the end of September, you need to dig out the roots, dry them and put them in a cool place. Before that, I do not water the flower bed so that the soil is loose.

Peanut

To plant peanuts, you need to find the sunniest area. At the end of April, I make shallow grooves at a distance of half a meter and plant seeds in them, trying to maintain an interval of 20 cm. The planting material needs to be lightly sprinkled with soil and watered.

In mid-May, shoots appear, then the shoots bloom. From now on, I start watering the peanuts once or twice a week.

When the plants bloom, watering can be reduced, but in the evening spray the plantings from a spray bottle. If the summer is damp, it is recommended to cover the bed with a film from excessive rainfall. And on hot and dry days, it is advisable to arrange sprinkling of peanuts.

In general, this southern culture is not capricious and gives a harvest annually.

I feed the shoots with mineral fertilizer 3 times a season. In July, the bushes need to be earthed. At the end of September, I remove the ripe fruits and dry them slightly. I use roasted peanuts for baking and making desserts. I store the planting material in a shaded place at +10 degrees.


How to grow ginger from the root at home - the subtleties of planting and care

Why from the root? Because this is the easiest way to get planting material, because it is sold in stores all year round. In addition, for the full ripening of the harvest, ginger needs up to 10 months, and our summer is not so long. Therefore, it is in the room that he has the opportunity to slowly, and in the warmth, build up new roots.

Ginger is also beautiful as an ornamental plant. Its long feathery branches are gathered in lush bunches, and if you're lucky, you can see the original flowering of the bushes. However, if the goal is to take a crop of fragrant roots, it is better not to spare and cut off the buds. Because in blooming ginger, the root loses its persistent smell and piquant taste, becomes fibrous and insipid.


Benefits and contraindications

Peanut fruits differ in content:

  • fat (55-60%)
  • proteins (30%)
  • carbohydrates (10-11%).

Fruit peanut butter is a popular dietary product. It is widely used in cooking, confectionery and margarine.

As a useful component, oil is included in perfumery and cosmetics. In the pharmaceutical industry, a number of drugs are produced on its basis.

Waste squeezing oil (cake) goes to livestock feed.

Peanut nuts are well absorbed by the body. They have a number of useful properties:

  • prevent early aging
  • promote the removal of carcinogens
  • inhibit the growth of tumor cells
  • strengthen the walls of blood vessels
  • calm the nervous system.

Lat. Arachis hypogaea L. (photo)

The use of this nut improves memory, normalizes sleep. Walnut fruits are in demand among the male population.

The substances contained in them cause an increase in potency, increase sexual desire.

However, there are contraindications that limit the consumption of peanut products. The nuclei have allergenic properties, and their intake is prohibited for people prone to allergic reactions.

Doctors also advise patients with arthritis and arthrosis to give up peanuts.

Underground walnut and its products are used in many industries.


How to choose peanut seeds for growing: popular varieties

To figure out what the growing conditions should be, you first need to choose the right variety. The most common are Spanish, Virginia, Runner and Valencia. Now let's find out the intricacies of growing individual varieties:

  1. The Spanish variety is a low-growing plant. It is characterized by a high content of oils in the composition. The variety has separate subspecies: Dixie Spanish, Argentinean, Spanko or Natal.
  2. The runner has a good yield. Nuts have excellent taste and are perfectly roasted. A similar variety is prized by peanut butter producers. The subspecies include Georgia Green, Bradford and Fragrant Runner.
  3. The Virginia variety is in demand among producers of salted nuts. Such peanuts grow in bundles or shoots, and have a rich harvest. Subspecies include Gul, Shulamit, Wilson or Gregory.
  4. Valencia grows into a tall shrub with large leaves and heavy stems. It is used for cooking boiled peanuts.
  5. The Tennessee fruit is small in size.

The varieties are different from each other, but they all have nutritional and health benefits.


How to grow ginger at home?

If you have chosen a suitable planting material and planted it correctly in the ground, you can expect the first shoots in 10-14 days. Until this moment, the pot with the planted plant must be kept in a cool and dry place, at an ambient temperature of about +15.

In the future, ginger must be placed in a humid and warm room. At the same time, direct sunlight should not be allowed on its shoots. It is best to place the pot in partial shade. Most ginger growers prefer the kitchen.

You need to water the plant quite often, because ginger is very hygrophilous. In the meantime, keep a close eye on the condition of the soil and try not to over-water it, or your pet will rot.

If your goal is to obtain fresh ginger root that can be eaten or used as an effective medicine, you should gradually reduce watering until it stops around mid-fall. Thus, you dry the soil, which in turn stimulates the development of the rhizome. If you expect to achieve flowering of this plant, watering should be reduced to a minimum, constantly maintaining the soil in a slightly moist state.

In addition, ginger must be regularly fed with mineral fertilizers. In order to grow a rich crop of roots, choose those that are rich in potassium, and for flowering - in phosphorus. Fertilize once every 2-3 weeks.


The subtleties of growing

In addition, in favor of the desire to have a self-grown root in the house, says the fact that all the most useful elements are in the ginger peel. If the tuber lays down a little, it hardens and becomes unsuitable for food. The self-grown product can be eaten with the peel.

How ginger grows

It is interesting to know how ginger grows. The plant is not in vain by the appearance of the root resembles a potato. It reproduces in a similar way and also belongs to annuals that can survive the winter in the soil.

When growing, pay attention to the peculiarities of potato reproduction. The tuber is grown in flower pots, greenhouses. You can even leave it in the ground and after a few years admire the blooming ginger flower.

For interesting information on how and where to use ginger, read here.

How to grow at home

Now we will learn how to grow ginger at home on a windowsill. Work begins with soil preparation. The plant is difficult to tolerate excess moisture, it simply rots, so it is necessary to create good drainage in the dishes.

Prefers a tuber soil enriched with phosphorus. The plant is planted in the spring. The whole process of how to plant ginger and grow can be broken down into several stages:

  1. Get a shiny spine from a retail outlet.
  2. Soak the root for several hours in water that is slightly above room temperature. This is necessary so that the tuber is saturated with liquid and the kidneys are refreshed. It happens that the ginger itself comes to life and releases green shoots.
  3. Not the whole root is taken for planting. A small piece of tuber from several sections is enough.
  4. Prepare a wide indoor flower pot. Plant the plant in soil suitable for vegetables. Mix the soil with a lot of fertilizer.
  5. The tuber should not be buried deep in the ground. It is enough to cover with a small amount of ground. It is imperative that the surface with the kidney be up.

Water the root with a little liquid. It is imperative that the soil is slightly damp during germination. Care consists in watering and fertilizing, which is administered in a liquid state once every two to three weeks.

The hotter it is, the more abundant the watering is. With a decrease in temperature, the root is watered less and less and practically stopped. This helps the tuber to form.

Ideal conditions for the plant: a lot of moisture and hot summers. Therefore, spraying is encouraged. But do not leave the seedling under the scorching rays of the sun, they can burn it.
During the summer, the pot can be transferred to the terrace, placed on the balcony, placed in the shade in the country. By autumn, the plant is transferred to the house. Closer to winter, watering is completely stopped. The soil in the pot dries out gradually.

Start harvesting when the leaves have wilted. Gently peel the tuber from the ground, you can wash it. Placed in a plastic bag. Store for about a month in the refrigerator. The root is well preserved in a frozen state.

You can read about the beneficial properties of ginger in this article.

How ginger blooms at home, photo

Ginger blooms only when it becomes an adult flower, not earlier than three years of age. In the conditions of an apartment, it will not be possible to grow a powerful strong plant tearing upwards. And so I want to know how ginger blooms.

But you can get a beautiful flower. It is necessary to plant ginger in a pot as described above.

Particular attention is paid to the choice of dishes. The extraordinarily powerful root easily destroys flower pots. Therefore, the tuber is planted in a spacious, but not very deep dish, its underground part grows in width closer to the surface.

They grow and care for a flower, adhering to the following rules:

  1. Eastern and Western window sills are best suited for a flower, it is easier to grow blooming ginger there.
  2. The plant requires a temperature high up to 28 degrees during the growth period. In winter, 15 ° C is sufficient.
  3. The flower does not like temperature changes.
  4. For watering the root, water is used slightly warmer than room temperature.
  5. Water in the th case if the top layer of the earth dries up. Especially the root needs watering in the spring, when it is time to release arrows. After each watering, it is necessary to loosen the soil.
  6. It is advisable to spray the plant every hot summer day, this is most consistent with its usual tropical climate.
  7. The root needs a constant supply of fertilizers. They are introduced with watering several times a month during the growth period. Fertilize with a special composition for vegetables or a 10 percent mullein solution. In winter, fertilizers are not necessary.
  8. Once a year, in the spring, the tuber is transplanted, while it is divided into several roots.

Read how to cook pickled ginger at home. here.


Growing peanuts in the garden: secrets and nuances

Many summer residents grow unusual fruit and vegetable crops on their site. Exotic shrubs, vegetables and trees decorate gardens and vegetable gardens, surprise with an unusual and tasty harvest. Peanuts are one such crop. This nut is rarely grown in Russia and completely in vain! Growing peanut tubers is fairly easy in any region and climate. Although peanuts are considered a heat-loving crop, many plant varieties are successfully grown both in the Urals and in the central zone of Russia. Peanuts grow best in subtropical latitudes, but it is not difficult to grow this outlandish nut on your site. If you have long wanted to plant peanuts in your garden, then you should find out all the nuances of growing this crop in a summer cottage.


Peanuts - features and useful properties

Despite the fact that peanuts are commonly called walnuts, the plant belongs to the legume family. Peanut fruits form and develop underground. Peanut bushes can be compared to potatoes. The annual has the appearance of a small bush with resilient and strong stems. Peanut leaves are lush, paired. Small flowers are colored bright yellow.
Peanuts are very healthy and nutritious. The plant is rich in antioxidants, proteins, vitamins, macro- and microelements.

Varieties and types of peanuts

The legume family includes more than seventy types of peanuts. Most of them are grown exclusively in South America. On other continents, only two types of peanut fruits are cultivated: "Pinto" and cultivated peanuts. These plant species have many different and undoubtedly delicious varieties. Peanut cultivars grown in the CIS are divided into four main groups.

Peanut varieties of the Spenish group

This group of Spanish peanuts is not only grown in the United States and South America. but also on other continents, in particular in Asia and Europe. The peculiarity of the Spanish varieties of peanuts is the high content of vegetable oils in comparison with other types of this crop. Peanut kernels are small, covered with a brownish-pink shell. In the industry, the peanut kernels of the Spanish group are used for the production of salted and candied nuts, peanut butter and confectionery. The best varieties of peanuts in this group are:
• "Spentex"
• "Natal ordinary"
• "Dixie Spenish"
• Florispen
• "Spenet"
• "Star"
• "Spenkromm"
• "Argentinian"
• "Spenko"
• "White core"
• "Comet"
• "Vilko"
• "Spenhome"
• "Tamspen 90"
• “Shafers Spenish”.

Peanut varieties of the Valencia group
This group is represented by plant varieties with large kernels, tall. The peanut kernels are covered with a dark red shell, for which they are often called red-skinned. This group is one of the Spenish subgroups, so many variety names are similar.

Peanut varieties of the Runner group
The plant varieties of the Runner group are considered the best among all representatives of this culture.They outperform the Spanish groups in flavor, roast quality and yield. Peanut varieties produce large yields of long and large kernels. Most often they are used in the production of sweets and peanut butter. The best varieties of this group are:
• "Egyptian giant"
• "Dixie Runner"
• "Virginia Bunch"
• "Early Runner"
• "Georgia Green"
• "Bradford Runner"
• "Fragrant Runner"
• "North Carolina Runner"
• “South East Runner”.

Virginia group
The varieties of this group of peanuts are famous for their large and selective fruits. They are often used to decorate pastries and are sold fried in shells. The best varieties of the Virginia group are recognized:
• "Gregory"
• "Shulamit"
• "Virginia 92"
• "Hull"
• "Perry"
• "North Carolina 9"
• "Wilson"
• “North Carolina 7”.
Many of these varieties are successfully grown in Russia in temperate and youthful climates. For the harvest to be rich, it is important to properly care for the crop and responsibly approach the planting of peanut seedlings.

Features of growing peanut beans

Like other legumes, peanuts are very easy to grow. The plant perfectly tolerates moderate temperatures, develops successfully and ripens at twenty degrees Celsius. If the temperature in the summer falls below fifteen degrees, the development of the bushes freezes. In cool weather, peanut bushes are covered with agrofibre or film so that the plant does not stop growing. Well-clarified and open areas are suitable for growing this crop. Areas with shade or partial shade are completely unsuitable for growing peanuts, so the crop is not planted near buildings, trees and fruit bushes. The best place for planting peanut bushes is a vegetable garden. When growing peanuts, it is important to adhere to the seed shift rules. Legumes grow well on those soils where tomatoes, potatoes, cucumbers, cabbage or beets grew last season, especially if the plants were fed with organic fertilizers. It is not recommended to grow peanuts in the same soil where legumes were previously grown: beans, lentils, beans or peas. In this case, the bushes may develop root rot.

Sowing of peanuts is carried out in spring during the flowering of acacia. However, on the territory of the CIS, it is preferable to grow peanuts by seedlings. To do this, you need to prepare peanut kernels in advance for planting in open ground.

First, the kernels of a large raw bean are washed and placed in a jar or plastic container. The kernels are filled with water in proportions of 1: 3. You will need one glass of peanuts and three glasses of clean, cool water. A jar of peanuts and water is placed in a darkened place overnight. The optimum temperature for soaking kernels is twenty-one degrees Celsius. After soaking, the peanuts are washed again and dried thoroughly. After twelve hours, the procedure is repeated. In total, you will need three cycles of soaking the kernels and drying. As soon as sprouts are sprouted on the peanut kernels, the crop can be planted in open ground. The optimum temperature for planting peanuts is fifteen degrees Celsius. Peanuts are planted in small holes seven centimeters deep. Four sprouted peanut kernels can be added to each well. The distance between the holes should be at least two centimeters, between the rows - six centimeters.

To increase the yield of the crop, peanuts can be planted in cups after soaking. As soon as the plant grows up and gives four true leaves, the seedlings can be planted in open ground. As a rule, seedlings are planted in mid or late April. It is important to remember that peanut bushes prefer light and breathable soils. Also, do not allow stagnation of moisture in the soil. It is better to water the peanuts less abundantly than pouring more water on the bush. Excess moisture can lead to decay of the plant's root system.

Caring for peanuts after planting

Peanuts are a rather unpretentious culture to care for. In drought, it must be watered in a timely manner and in moderation, and in cold weather, it is better to refrain from watering. It is important to pay attention to weeding bushes, loosening the soil and feeding the plants. Weeding is especially important for young and undersized peanut seedlings. At the same time, you can loosen the soil.
The flowering of the plant occurs seven weeks after sowing the peanuts and ends quickly. It is during flowering that the tubers of the plant grow and the first nuts are formed. After the ovaries begin to bend to the soil, the peanut bushes should be covered with moist and loose soil. Caring for peanuts is very similar to caring for regular potatoes. Hilling bushes can be replaced with a mulching procedure. Peat, humus, sawdust, river sand or dry straw can be used as mulch. The thickness of the mulch layer should be at least fifty millimeters.

As a rule, with high-quality and timely care, peanuts give a generous harvest. From each bush, you can get from fifty fruits.

How to water peanuts

Peanut bushes need moderate watering. It is important not to overflow the soil, but also to avoid excessive drought. You need to focus on the top layer of the soil in which the culture grows. If it starts to dry out, it's time to water the plant. During flowering, the frequency of watering the bushes should be increased. It will be enough twice a week. It is best to water the peanuts in the morning, so that the soil is thoroughly dry before the evening temperature drops. After flowering, it is better not to water the plant, but spray it with a spray bottle. Spraying is carried out once every several days. If the rainy season begins during the ripening of the kernels, cover the peanuts during bad weather. For these purposes, plastic wrap is perfect. And during a drought, peanut bushes can be watered between rows. During the entire season, the plant will need up to five such waterings.

Top dressing of peanut bushes

As soon as the height of the shoots reaches ten centimeters, you can fertilize the plant with a special nutrient mixture. To prepare it, you need to mix twenty grams of nitrate, forty-five grams of potash salt and seventy grams of superphosphate fertilizer. The prepared mixture of dressings must be diluted in one bucket of water. The plant is watered with this fertilizer at the beginning of development, as well as at the beginning of the fruiting period.

How to harvest peanut bushes

The collection of fruits is carried out after the foliage of the bushes turns yellow. All peanut bushes must be dug before the onset of frost and stable low temperatures. With the onset of frost, peanuts become bitter and are not suitable for human consumption. The collection of peanut kernels is carried out in several stages:
1. Bushes need to be dug up and left in the sun to dry for several days.
2. After drying, separate the peanut pods from the roots.
3. Remove the beans from the pods, place them on baking sheets or a cloth and send them to a well-ventilated and dry place to dry properly.
4. Peanuts are dried at temperatures up to forty degrees Celsius.
5. Dried fruits are placed in sealed containers or jars.
And if you want to preserve the peanuts for a long time, it is best not to peel the beans and leave the kernels in the pods. The pods themselves with kernels can be stored in fabric bags or natural wood boxes. To store peanuts in pods, you must first dry the fruits. The pods can be dried in the sun or in the oven. In a warm place at room temperature, the peanuts are dried for two weeks. Once the pods are thoroughly dry, the kernels will rattle inside with vigorous shaking.

If you plan to plant peanuts in the next season, then harvesting kernels can be done from your crop. Only raw peanuts are suitable for planting, which did not give in to heat treatment before.

Growing peanuts is very simple and for an experienced gardener, this event will not be difficult. However, if you are new to gardening, you will also be able to cope with peanut bushes. This is an unpretentious culture that requires minimal, but timely care. If you follow all the recommendations for growing peanuts, you can get a gorgeous harvest of aromatic, tasty and very healthy legumes!

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