Among the official terms describing the fruits of a tomato, the delicate "heart-shaped" one that characterizes Volovye Heart tomatoes has been lost. Only after trying it, you understand that he received the "heart" status not for the shape or size, but for the delicate taste of appetizing raspberry fruits.
The variety of tomatoes of the Russian selection Volovye Heart was announced at the very end of the twentieth century. Since 2000, it has been included in the State Register for cultivation in summer cottages and in small farms or private households throughout Russia. Depending on climatic conditions, they are grown in open or protected ground. The best harvests are obtained in the southern regions of the country.
The height of the shoots in the open field is more than a meter, and in greenhouses it reaches 1.3–1.5 m. The leaves are medium in size. The flowers are simple, collected in inflorescences. The brush is laid over 9-11 leaves. The peduncle is articulated. The color of unripe tomatoes is green, but the stalk has a large dark green spot. Ripe fruits have a juicy intense pink color and a heart-shaped shape. The surface of the tomato has a slight ribbing. The skin is thin, because of which, if the irrigation regime is violated, the fruits may crack.
Tomatoes of the Volovye Heart variety have a thin peel, therefore, with irrigation flaws, they can crack
The fruits, especially the first ones, are large. Their weight fluctuates about 150 g, but reaches up to 300 g. There are four seed chambers. Tomatoes of the Volovye Heart variety contain a large amount of vitamins B, C, K, A, as well as macro- and microelements.
Important: the fruits of tomatoes with pink pulp are high in selenium. And this is a microelement that supports immunity, has a pronounced antioxidant activity and a proven antitumor effect.
Tomato variety Volovye heart is a source of selenium - an important trace element for maintaining health
The fleshy pulp of tomatoes is very juicy, aromatic, extremely tasty. No wonder these tomatoes are recommended for fresh use. It is a pity to expose them to heat treatment or canning.
The fruits of the Tomato Volovye heart have a fleshy, tender, very juicy pulp. In order not to spill the rich aroma and taste, they are served on the table, bypassing heat treatment
A late-ripening variety with an indeterminate type of growth. From the appearance of the first shoots to the ripening of fruits, 110-115 days pass. Bushes need garter and shaping. With competent agricultural technology, they collect 6.3-6.9 kg / m2... Fresh tomato juice contains almost 5% dry matter and more than 2% sugars.
It is appreciated for its high yield, beautiful shape and large size of raspberry-pink fruits, as well as for its rich, pleasant taste.
Tomato variety Volovye Heart is very representative and fruitful
Disadvantage: delicate tomatoes do not tolerate transportation well and are not stored for long.
For the cultivation of tomatoes with an indeterminate type of growth in open and protected ground, different approaches are used. Since in greenhouses the temperature favorable for plant development lasts longer, up to seven flower brushes are left on the shoot. In the open field, pinch the top over the fifth brush.
Indeterminate tomato varieties in open and protected ground behave differently
By limiting the growth of the shoot, we get large fruits, since the plant does not waste energy on the formation of new ovaries. If all the fruits do not have time to ripen, no problem. Salted these tomatoes are also good.
Due to the long growing season, it is preferable to use the seedling method of growing Volovye Heart tomato. They begin to prepare seedlings in early March:
Soaking allows you to decide which seeds are viable and which are not
The planting container is filled with nutrient soil and spilled with Fitosporin solution
1-2 seeds are planted in each cup and buried in the ground by 1.5 cm
The stretched polyethylene film prevents moisture from evaporating, retains heat, creating a greenhouse effect
Good lighting prevents the seedlings from stretching too much
Hardened seedlings are easier to plant in open ground or greenhouses
Seedlings are planted taking into account specific weather conditions: at the end of May or at the beginning of June. By this time, the soil should warm up so that the plants do not experience stress during planting.
A good solution for tomatoes is planting in warm beds. To do this, in the fall, a trench is dug up to half a meter deep where it is supposed to grow tomatoes. At the bottom of the trench, branches are laid out, large plant residues, on them smaller twigs, leaf litter, mowed grass, compost and the topmost layer of fertile soil itself in half with humus. Usually, warm beds are limited by high sides. The entire structure is covered with a non-woven material, on top of it with dense polyethylene. After winter, this bed sags a little. Due to the overheating of plant residues, heat is released in it and organic compounds accumulate, which are so necessary for the growth and development of tomatoes, so the planted seedlings are in the most comfortable conditions.
If you prepare such a bed in advance, you can later not feed the bushes with organic matter.... The available amount of fertilizers will be enough for this year's tomato planting. The same garden bed can also be used next year for onions and green crops that are not the most demanding on soil fertility. Planting tomatoes again is not worth it, you need to use crop rotation. The distance between the holes is 45-50 cm... A gap of up to 90 cm is left between the rows. The plantings in the open field are oriented from north to south, so that the plants receive full lighting and warmth throughout the day. Immediately after planting, the stem is tied up.
Tomato variety Volovye Heart is fruitful and forms large fruits, so the bushes need support
Lead the bush in one or two shoots. As soon as the first flower brush appears, remove all the leaves below. After the formation of each new brush, all the lower leaves are removed. Be sure to stepchildren, preventing the germination of stepchildren more than 5 cm. Activities for breaking leaves and pinching are carried out on a hot sunny day, so that the wounds heal faster. It is recommended to remove stepchildren not immediately, but in several stages, so the plants are less injured.
Be sure to remove all stepsons and leaves under the flower brushes
Before planting anything, it is worth asking what conditions are suitable for him. After buying the plot, I was greedy and planted all the tomato seedlings I received from neighbors and acquaintances in one garden bed, since there was no free space left. So the early Shuttle and Raketa turned out to be together, round red and pear-shaped cherry tomatoes, cocktail tomatoes and a frail bush of the Wolf's heart. It is likely that the seedling donors said something about the description of the varieties, only in the pre-planting bustle I did not remember anything. Intuitively, having no idea about the indeterminate varieties of tomato, I guessed to stick a long piece of reinforcement next to the shoot of the Volovy Heart and tie it up. And even then, after I noticed how large the fruit was set. It was the most stupid garden! In addition to variegated tomatoes, basil and marigolds, phacelia and head lettuce grew there. Surprisingly, that year was lucky with the weather. My efforts to grow tomatoes and everything else were rewarded. While the small tomatoes cracked and fell off, the only fruit of the Volovye Heart tomato slowly poured and turned pink, filling our hearts with pride and anticipation. The holiday was a success. By the end of August, we cut the monstrous tomato into slices, like a watermelon, and relished it for a long time. It would be dishonest in relation to this handsome man to subject him to heat treatment. Then I did not know how to pinch and limit the growth of shoots, did not pick off the leaves, sincerely believing that they are needed for photosynthesis. Perhaps knowledge would help to get more harvest. But that summer gave me a taste of my own grown fruits so that I could get a little familiar with the exciting world of gardening. Now I know exactly how much work needs to be put into each bush, each sprout before enjoying the taste of its fruits.
Tomatoes are watered every 5-6 days. In cloudy and rainy weather, the water supply is reduced, and in drought conditions, they are watered more often. If possible, allow the water to warm up and settle, so it is better absorbed and less stress for plants. Either drip irrigation or irrigation ditches are used along the grooves. Sprinkling in the southern regions where it is recommended to grow this variety, it is advisable to carry out either early in the morning or in the evening, when the sun is not beating much, so as not to cause burns on the leaves.
The soil around the bushes is loosened, this reduces the evaporation of moisture. Mulching also keeps the soil loose and protects the roots from temperature extremes, suppressing weed growth and retaining moisture.
Mulching with straw to a height of 5–6 cm suppresses the growth of weeds, keeps the soil loose, protects against excessive evaporation of moisture
As a rule, the Volovye Heart tomato variety is resistant to disease. In order not to provoke possible fungal infections, it is not necessary to plant tomatoes after potatoes or other nightshade crops: pepper, eggplant, tomato. Even in the vicinity of a potato field, tomato planting may suffer - the Colorado potato beetle also spreads to tomato bushes. Not only diseases, but also pests are common in the family.
When growing a variety in a greenhouse, it is worthwhile to ventilate it more often so that, due to high humidity, it does not provoke fungal diseases.
Tomatoes of the Volovye Heart variety are so successful that they are grown far beyond the recommended zone. It is understandable, you cannot transport delicate fruits with a rich taste, which means you need to try to grow it yourself. And if, due to the short summer, they do not have time to ripen, so you can collect brown ones and bring them at home.
Delicious large fruits are grown not only in the southern regions of the country.
Large, juicy, dark pink, these tomatoes are not often found on the market. It seems that everyone who has grown a Volovye Heart tomato wants to keep it for himself. It is understandable ...
The description of this plant states that it belongs to the category of easily adaptable varieties. If you took up growing this tomato variety, then you need to know that its fruits are very fleshy and heavy, so you need to make garters
This plant grows quickly and it is very important for it to be given the right shape for growth from the very beginning.
The cow's heart is a tomato that bears large fruits and is resistant to diseases
The description of the fruit is as follows: in size, it weighs about two hundred grams and approximately fits in the palm of your hand. This tomato has a sweet taste, which makes it suitable for fresh consumption and preservation. The variety has a very good presentation. Large heart-shaped tomatoes look great on the shelves and can be stored for a long time without particularly difficult conditions for this.
The advantage of this tomato is that the fruits of this variety are tight and practically immune to accidental damage during transportation. Only with a strong blow or pressure, the fruits can lose their presentation and become wrinkled and ugly.
If this variety is regularly fertilized and fed, then it gives an excellent yield. Up to about 5 tomatoes are obtained from one branch. This is a very good indicator for both tomato hybrids. Usually 100 days after you have planted the shoots in the ground, fruiting begins.
Minusinsk glasses are the brainchild of folk selection from the Krasnoyarsk Territory. The variety is unpretentious, tolerates sharp changes in temperature and humidity conditions well. Due to their high yield, taste and presentation, tomatoes are grown on an industrial scale. Reviews, photos and descriptions of the variety of tomatoes Minusinskiy glasses fully reveal the positive characteristics.
Minusinskiy glasses are tall, indeterminate varieties that are suitable for erection under a film cover. The plant is mid-season, with a long fruiting period. Forms a powerful, sprawling shrub with dark olive leaves and small lemon flowers gathered in a cluster.
A large number of stepchildren appear on the plant. Therefore, so that they do not take away the nutrients necessary for the formation and ripening of fruits, they are carefully broken out.
Tomatoes of the Minusinskie cups variety have several varietal varieties that differ in the color of the peel.
Tomato Minusinskie pink glasses - mid-season variety with large oval fruits, weighing up to 400 g. The pulp is dense, low-seeded, non-watery. The taste is sweet and sour, there is a bright tomato aroma. The dense pink skin does not crack when fully ripe, thanks to which the crop retains its presentation for a long time.
The variety is tall, needs support and pinching. To obtain a generous harvest, the plant is grown in 2 stems. Due to their good taste, tomatoes are used fresh, they are also suitable for making sauce, juice and adjika.
Tomato Minusinskie orange glasses - a tall variety, forms fruits weighing up to 400 g in the form of a plum. In order for the yield to be high, timely watering, top dressing, and removal of stepchildren are carried out. Thanks to their beautiful bright peel, the fruits are used for preserving and preparing vegetable salads. The species is resistant to diseases and pests, safely tolerates sudden changes in temperature.
Tomatoes Minusinskie red glasses - mid-season table variety. The plant is indeterminate, an adult bush can reach 2.5 m. Red, plum-like fruits weighing 200 g have a juicy, aromatic pulp. Thanks to their good taste, tomatoes are used for making juices, sauces, adjika and for whole preservation. The variety is grown in open and closed ground, for a good harvest, the bushes are formed into two stems.
Large oblong fruits, weighing 300 g or more, have a fleshy juicy pulp with a sweet and sour taste and a pleasant aroma. The variety is universal, suitable for making salads, preserves for the winter, adjika and sauces.And thanks to the fleshy pulp, delicious freshly squeezed tomato juice is obtained from the fruit.
Tomato Minusinskie glasses, like any plant, has good and bad qualities. The advantages include:
The disadvantages of many gardeners include high sugar content, but for many summer residents this is a big plus.
If the Minusinskie cups tomatoes grow in the greenhouse, seedlings begin to grow in early March. When grown outdoors, the seed is sown in early April.
To obtain a generous harvest, abundant watering, feeding and removal of stepsons are carried out.
To get an early harvest, the Minusinskiy glasses are grown in seedlings. Before sowing, the seeds must be prepared without fail. To do this, they are soaked in a weak solution of potassium permanganate or in aloe juice diluted in water in equal parts.
Often seed growers sell already treated seed. It is green, turquoise or blue. Such seeds are not processed, as their germination decreases.
Tomatoes prefer to grow in nutritious, light soil. You can buy it at the store, or you can mix it yourself. To do this, take in equal proportions peat, humus and sod land, add fine sand and ½ tbsp. wood ash. Everything is thoroughly mixed and calcined in the oven for disinfection.
When the seedlings grow up to 10 cm, grow strong roots, release 6-7 true leaves, then it can be transplanted to a prepared bed.
Since the tomato Minusinskie glasses is a tall variety, for good growth and development, the interval between plantings should be 50-70 cm.
Watering plays an important role in tomato care. Since they do not like regular, but plentiful watering. Before flowering, irrigation is carried out once a week as the top layer dries. During fruiting, watering is increased, since due to a lack of moisture, the skin on the fruits may burst, despite the fact that the variety is resistant to cracking. So that diseases do not join the plant, wood ash is added to the water.
After 2 weeks, the planted seedlings are fed. To do this, you can use a mineral complex and organic matter: the manure is diluted with water in a ratio of 1 to 9 and 20 g of superphosphate is added. For each bush, 1 liter of working solution is consumed.
During flowering, tomatoes are fed with phosphorus and potassium (wood ash or green fertilizer). If the plant begins to throw off the inflorescences, then it does not have enough boron. Spraying the bush with boric acid (1 g per 1 liter of water) will help to correct the situation.
Tomato Minusinskie glasses form a large number of additional shoots. And in order to get large fruits and a rich harvest, it is necessary to get rid of them, since they draw out nutrients, thereby stopping the growth of fruits and their ripening. Passing is carried out regularly, in cloudy weather.
The variety is tall and therefore requires a garter. If this is not done, then the bush may break off under the weight of the fruit.
To grow a large harvest, many gardeners grow a Minusinsk tomato in one or two stems. When grown in southern regions, three stems can be left on the plant, but the fruits will be smaller and not as juicy.
According to gardeners, in order to get an early harvest, it is better to form the bushes into one stem, leaving 3-4 flower brushes on it. All stepchildren, especially those that appear under the brushes, pinch.
When a plant is formed into two stems, a strong stepson is left, which appeared under 1 flower brush.
Tomato Minusinskie glasses is resistant to diseases and pests. But if the agrotechnical rules are not followed, fungal and viral diseases can settle on the plant, such as:
Tomato Minusinskie glasses is a medium-yielding variety. Subject to the rules of care, about 4 kg of fruit can be removed from the bush. When a bush is formed into two stems, the yield increases, but the fruits ripen much later.
Reviews, photos and descriptions of the variety of tomatoes Minusinskiy glasses fully reveal the positive qualities. There are three varieties that differ in the color of the firm skin. It can be pink, red, or orange. All of these species have excellent taste and aroma, so they have universal application. Before sowing seeds, you need to familiarize yourself with the yield, view photos and videos.
From the description of the tomato variety Gulliver, let's move on to characterizing the main advantages and disadvantages.
The disadvantages include, perhaps, two points:
But despite the low yield of Gulliver's tomato, according to the reviews of those who planted, gardeners are not going to give up the variety. Indeed, the photo shows that there are not so few tomatoes on the bush.
This tomato variety has an average resistance to most diseases.... Due to the late ripening of the fruits, the Bovine Heart is susceptible to late blight, therefore, preventive treatment of the bushes against this disease is required, as well as to control the moisture of the soil and air, especially in greenhouse conditions.
For the prevention of late blight, it is recommended to spray the bushes with a solution of fungicides twice in the spring... Watering plants is carried out only at the root, preventing moisture from entering the foliage.
You can also use folk remedies: for example, iodine from tomato phytophthora can also be effective.
It is recommended to ventilate greenhouses more often so that condensation does not form on the walls.
We invite readers to watch a video on the topic of the article:
Graduated from MGRI them. Ordzhonikidze. His main specialty is a mining engineer-geophysicist, which means a person with an analytical mindset and various interests. I have my own house in the village (respectively, experience in truck farming, gardening, mushroom growing, as well as fiddling with pets and poultry). Freelancer, perfectionist and "bore" in relation to his duties. Hand-made lover, creator of exclusive jewelry made of stones and beads. A passionate admirer of the printed word and an anxious observer of everything that lives and breathes.
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Oklahoma farmer Carl Burns has developed an unusual variety of colorful corn called Rainbow Corn. The grains on each ear are of different colors and shades: brown, pink, purple, blue, green, etc. This result was achieved through many years of selection of the most colored common varieties and their crossing.
From varietal tomatoes you can get "your" seeds for sowing next year (if you really like the variety). And it is useless to do it with hybrid ones: the seeds will work out, but they will carry the hereditary material not of the plant from which they were taken, but of its numerous “ancestors”.
Both humus and compost are rightfully the basis of organic farming. Their presence in the soil significantly increases the yield and improves the taste of vegetables and fruits. They are very similar in properties and appearance, but they should not be confused. Humus - rotted manure or bird droppings. Compost - rotted organic residues of various origins (spoiled food from the kitchen, tops, weeds, thin twigs). Humus is considered a better fertilizer, compost is more readily available.
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If the tomato does not look good, then the symptoms can be used to determine whether this is a disease or some kind of parasite:
The yellow leaves are cut on the main stem. It is believed that the main reason for this may be a lack of moisture for the root system. The planted seedlings should be watered into the hole, and not poured onto the surface of the earth after hilling. This method of watering forms the growth of the root upward (since it reaches for moisture). Weak shoots close to the surface of the ground dry out quickly, which leads to yellowing of the leaves.
Experienced growers recommend:
Tomato bushes should not be sprayed with water. Moisture on the leaves under the scorching sun, as a conductor of heat. The droplets heat up and damage the leaves.
For a more thorough study of the "Volovye Heart" tomato variety, see the photos below.